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International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
Jebus; Jebusi; Jebusite
To what race the Jebusites belonged is doubtful. Their name does not seem Semitic, and they do not make their appearance till after the patriarchal period.
The original name of Jerusalem was Babylonian, Uru-Salim, "the city of Salim," shortened into Salem in Genesis 14:18 and in the inscriptions of the Egyptian kings Ramses
The Jebusite king at the time of the conquest was Adoni-zedek, who met his death at Beth-boron (Joshua 10:1; in Joshua 10:5 the word "Amorite" is used in its Babylonian sense to denote the inhabitants of Canaan generally). The Jebusites were a mountain tribe ( Numbers 13:29; Joshua 11:3 ). Their capital "Jebus" was taken by the men of Judah and burned with fire (Jdg 18), but they regained possession of, and held, the fortress till the time of David (2 Samuel 5:6 ).
When Jerusalem was taken by David, the lives and property of its Jebusite inhabitants were spared, and they continued to inhabit the temple-hill, David and his followers settling in the new City of David on Mt. Zion (Joshua 15:8 , Joshua 15:63; Judges 1:21; Judges 19:11 ). And as Araunah is called "king" (2 Samuel 24:23 ), we may conclude that their last ruler also had been lowed to live. His name is non-Sem, and the various spellings of it (compare 1 Chronicles 21:15 , "Ornan") indicate that the Hebrew writers had some difficulty in pronouncing it. The Jebusites seem ultimately to have blended with the Israelite population.
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Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. Entry for 'Jebus; Jebusi; Jebusite'. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/isb/j/jebus-jebusi-jebusite.html. 1915.