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Bible Encyclopedias

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

Joel (1)

jō´el ( יואל , yō'ēl , popularly interpreted as "Yahweh is God"; but see HPN , 153; BDB , 222a):

(1) The firstborn of Samuel (1 Samuel 8:2; 1 Chronicles 6:33 (Hebrew 18), and supplied in the Revised Version (British and American) of 1 Chronicles 6:28 , correctly).

(2) A S imeonite prince (1 Chronicles 4:35 ). (3) A R eubenite chief (1 Chronicles 5:4 , 1 Chronicles 5:8 ).

(4) A G adite chief, perhaps the same as (3) (1 Chronicles 5:12 ). He might be the chief of "a family or clan whose members might be reckoned as belonging to either or both of the tribes" (Curtis, Chronicles, 122).

(5) A L evite ancestor of Samuel (1 Chronicles 6:36 (Hebrew 21), called "Shaul" in 1 Chronicles 6:24 (Hebrew 9)).

(6) A chief of Issachar (1 Chronicles 7:3 ).

(7) One of David's mighty men (1 Chronicles 11:38 ), brother of Nathan. 2 Samuel 23:36 has "Igal son of Nathan," and the Septuagint's Codex Vaticanus has "son" in 1 Chronicles, a reading which Curtis adopts. See IGAL .

(8) A L evite (1 Chronicles 15:7 , 1 Chronicles 15:11 , 1 Chronicles 15:17 ), probably the Joel of 1 Chronicles 23:8 and 1 Chronicles 26:22 .

(9) David's tribal chief over half of Manasseh (1 Chronicles 27:20 ).

(10) A L evite of Hezekiah's time (2 Chronicles 29:12 ).

(11) One of those who had married foreign wives (Ezra 10:43 ) = "Juel" of 1 Esdras 9:35.

(12) A B enjamite "overseer" in Jerusalem (Nehemiah 11:9 ).

(13) Ἰωήλ , Iōḗl , the prophet ( Joel 1:1; Acts 2:16 ). See following article.

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Bibliography Information
Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. Entry for 'Joel (1)'. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/isb/j/joel-1.html. 1915.

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