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International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
( יהוּדה ,
1. Jacob's Son:
The 4th son born to Jacob by Leah in Paddan-aram (Genesis 29:35 , etc.). Of this patriarch's life only scanty details remain to us. He turned his brethren from their purpose to slay Joseph, persuading them to sell him to the Midianites at Dothan (Genesis 37:26 ff). A dark stain is left upon his memory by the disgraceful story told in Genesis 38. Reuben forfeited the rights of primogeniture by an act of infamy; Simeon and Levi, who came next in order, were passed over because of their cruel and treacherous conduct at Shechem; to Judah, therefore, were assigned the honors and responsibilities of the firstborn (34; Genesis 35:22; Genesis 49:5 ff). On the occasion of their first visit to Egypt, Reuben acted as spokesman for his brethren ( Genesis 42:22 , Genesis 42:37 ). Then the leadership passed to Judah (Genesis 43:3 , etc.). The sons of Joseph evidently looked askance upon Judah's promotion, and their own claims to hegemony were backed by considerable resources (Genesis 49:22 ff). The rivalry between the two tribes, thus early visible, culminated in the disruption of the kingdom. To Judah, the "lion's whelp," a prolonged dominion was assured ( Genesis 49:9 ff).
2. Tribe of Judah:
The tribe of Judah, of which the patriarch was the name-father, at the first census in the wilderness numbered 74,600 fighting men; at Sinai the number "from 20 years old and upward" was 76,500 (Numbers 1:27; Numbers 26:22; see
The land assigned to Judah lay in the South of Palestine (see
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Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. Entry for 'Judah (2)'. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/isb/j/judah-2.html. 1915.
the Week of Proper 24 / Ordinary 29