Lectionary Calendar
Saturday, May 25th, 2024
the Week of Proper 2 / Ordinary 7
Attention!
We are taking food to Ukrainians still living near the front lines. You can help by getting your church involved.
Click to donate today!

Bible Encyclopedias
Sea

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

Search for…
or
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z
Prev Entry
Scythopolis
Next Entry
Sea of Chinnereth
Resource Toolbox
Additional Links

sē ( ים , yām ; θάλασσα , thálassa ; in Acts 27:5 πέλαγος , pélagos ): The Mediterranean is called ha -yām ha -gādhōl , "the great sea" (Numbers 34:6; Joshua 1:4; Ezekiel 47:10 , etc.); ha -yām ha -'aḥărōn , "the hinder," or "western sea" (Deuteronomy 11:24; Deuteronomy 34:2; Joel 2:20; Zechariah 14:8 ); yām pelishtı̄m , "the sea of the Philis" (Exodus 23:31 ); the King James Version translates yām yāphō' in Ezra 3:7 by "sea of Joppa," perhaps rightly.

The Dead Sea is called yām hā - melaḥ , "the Salt Sea" ( Numbers 34:3; Deuteronomy 3:17; Joshua 3:16 , etc.); ha -yām ha -ḳadhmōnı̄ , "the east sea" (Ezekiel 47:18; Joel 2:20; Zechariah 14:8 ); yām hā -‛ărābhāh ,"the sea of the Arabah" (Deuteronomy 3:17; Joshua 3:16; Joshua 12:3; 2 Kings 14:25 ).

The Red Sea is called yām ṣūph , literally, "sea of weeds" ( Exodus 10:19; Numbers 14:25; Deuteronomy 1:1; Joshua 2:10; Judges 11:16; 1 Kings 9:26; Nehemiah 9:9; Psalm 106:7; Jeremiah 49:21 , etc.); (ἐρυθρὰ θάλασσα , eruthrá thálassa ), literally, "red sea" (The Wisdom of Solomon 19:7; Acts 7:36; Hebrews 11:29 ); yām micrayim , "the Egyptian sea" (Isaiah 11:15 ).

Yām is used of the Nile in Nahum 3:8 and probably also in Isaiah 19:5 , as in modern Arabic baḥr , "sea," is used of the Nile and its affluents. Yām is often used for "west" or "westward," as "look from the place where thou art,... westward" (Genesis 13:14 ); "western border" (Numbers 34:6 ). Yām is used for "sea" in general (Exodus 20:11 ); also for "molten sea" of the temple (1 Kings 7:23 ).

The Sea of Galilee is called kinnereth , "Chinnereth" ( Numbers 34:11 ); kinărōth , "Chinneroth" (Joshua 11:2 ); kinnerōth , "Chinneroth" (1 Kings 15:20 ); yam kinnereth , "the sea of Chinnereth" (Numbers 34:11; Joshua 13:27 ); yām kinnerōth , "the sea of Chinneroth (Joshua 12:3 ); (ἡ λίμνη Γεννσαρέτ , hē lı́mnē Gennēsarét ), "the lake of Gennesaret" (Luke 5:1 ); and (τὸ ὔδωρ Γεννησάρ , tó húdōr Gennēsár ), "the water of Gennesar" (1 Macc 11:67), from late Hebrew גּנסר , ginēṣar , or (גּניסר , genēṣar ; ἡ θάλασσα τῆς Γαλιλαίας , hē thálassa tḗs Galilaı́as ), "the sea of Galilee" (Matthew 4:18; Matthew 15:29; Mark 1:16; Mark 7:31; John 6:1 ); (ἡ θάλασσα τῆς Τιβεριάδος , hē thálassa tḗs Tiberiádos ), "the sea of Tiberias" (John 21:1; compare John 6:1 ).

In Jeremiah 48:32 we have yām ya‛zēr , "the sea of Jazer." Jazer is a site East of the Jordan, not satisfactorily identified (Numbers 21:32; Numbers 32:1 , Numbers 32:3 , Numbers 32:15; Joshua 13:25; Joshua 21:39; 2 Samuel 24:5; 1 Chronicles 6:81; 1 Chronicles 26:31; Isaiah 16:8 , Isaiah 16:9 ). See SEA OF JAZER .

In midhbar yām , "the wilderness of the sea" ( Isaiah 21:1 ), there may perhaps be a reference to the Persian Gulf.

Bibliography Information
Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. Entry for 'Sea'. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/​encyclopedias/​eng/​isb/​s/sea.html. 1915.
 
adsfree-icon
Ads FreeProfile