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The Nuttall Encyclopedia
Called also the Salt Sea and 'the Asphalt Lake, a sea in Palestine, formed by the waters of the Jordan, 46 m. long, 10 m. broad, and in some parts 1300 ft. deep, while its surface is 1312 ft. below the level of the Mediterranean, just as much as Jerusalem is above it; has no outlet; its waters, owing to the great heat, evaporate rapidly, and are intensely salt; it is enclosed E. and W. by steep mountains, which often rise to a height of 6000 ft.
Wood, James, ed. Entry for 'Dead Sea'. The Nuttall Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/nut/d/dead-sea.html. Frederick Warne & Co Ltd. London. 1900.