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The Nuttall Encyclopedia
Son of Duncan, whom Macbeth slew, succeeded his father in 1040 as king of Cumbria and Lothian, and in 1057, on Macbeth's death, became king of all Scotland; till 1066 his reign was peaceful, but thereafter it was one long conflict with the Normans in England; raids and counter-raids succeeded each other till, in 1091, Malcolm was forced to do homage to William Rufus; next year he lost his possessions S. of the Solway, and in 1093 he was slain in battle at Alnwick; the influence of his second wife, the saintly Margaret, did much to promote the civilisation of Scotland and to bring the Scottish Church into harmony with the rest of Christendom.
Wood, James, ed. Entry for 'Malcolm Canmore'. The Nuttall Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/nut/m/malcolm-canmore.html. Frederick Warne & Co Ltd. London. 1900.