The Nuttall Encyclopedia
Palafox, Don Joseph
A Spanish soldier, born of a noble Aragonese family, who immortalised himself by his heroic defence of Saragossa against the French in 1808-9; on the fall of the place was taken to France and imprisoned till 1813; on his release was created Duke of Saragossa and promoted to other high honours at home (1780-1847).
Wood, James, ed. Entry for 'Palafox, Don Joseph'. The Nuttall Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/nut/p/palafox-don-joseph.html. Frederick Warne & Co Ltd. London. 1900.