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Bible Encyclopedias

The 1901 Jewish Encyclopedia

Vienne

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Town in the ancient province of Dauphiné, France. Jews dwelt there as early as the tenth century (Gross, "Gallia Judaica," p. 191). They lived in a special quarter, still (1905) called "the Jewry," and in the thirteenth century had a beautiful synagogue (Carmoly, "Itinéraires," p. 187).

The following were the most noted scholars of Vienne: the tosafist Tobiah ben Elijah, author of a commentary on the Pentateuch and of liturgical poems (Zunz, "Z. G." pp. 56, 97; idem, "Literaturgeschichte," p. 303); Abraham ben Ephraim, a pupil of Tobiah and author of a work on casuistics; Yaḳar of Vienne, called also "Yaḳar ben Moses" of Burgundy (Vienne was for a time the capital of Burgundy), who composed poseḳim (legal decisions), fragments of which are still extant (Gross, c. p. 193).

Bibliography:
  • Gross, Gallia Judaica, pp. 191-194.
G.
S. K.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.

Bibliography Information
Singer, Isidore, Ph.D, Projector and Managing Editor. Entry for 'Vienne'. 1901 The Jewish Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/tje/v/vienne.html. 1901.

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