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Bible Encyclopedias

The 1901 Jewish Encyclopedia

Sidra

Term, the original meaning of which is "order" or "arrangement," frequently used in both Talmuds to denote a section of the Bible read either in the synagogue or in the school. In the statement "Rab read a sidra before Rabbi" (Yoma 87a), Rashi explains "sidra" as meaning a section of the Prophets or the Hagiographa. That the term was applied to the part of the Bible read in the synagogue in the prayer-service is indicated in Yer. Ta'an. 1:64c. But there no special division of the Bible is indicated, while, in Shab. 116b it is said that in Nehardea the people used to read a sidra of the Hagiographa in the Minḥah service of the Sabbath. Later the term entered into the usage of the Ashkenazim to denote the weekly lesson of the Pentateuch, just as "parashah" is used by the Sephardim. It may be added that in both Talmuds "sidra" often carries the meaning of "school," particularly a school in which sections of the Bible are read and interpreted (Yer. Ber. 3:6b; Yer. Beẓah 1:60c et passim).

Bibliography:
  • Levy, Neuhebr. Wörterb.

A.
M. Sel.

The following is a list of the sidrot (according to the Sephardim, parashiyyot), arranged according to the annual and the triennial cycle. In the former, which is nowadays universally followed, the sidrot have special names, and are here numbered with Roman numerals; each of them includes a group of the smaller sidrot of the triennial cycle, which are numbered in the table with Arabic figures. The group of the triennial cycle and the corresponding sidra of the one-year cycle are not always exactly conterminous, however; in such instances attention is called to the difference by means of an asterisk. The list of the triennial sidrot is given from a Yemen manuscript, as indicated in Ginsburg's Masoretic Bible. According to the Masorah, these should number 154, or, according to the Masseket Soferim, 175; as a matter of fact they amount to 167. Rapoport ("Halikot Ḳedem," p. 11) suggests that the 175 readings covered three and one-half years, so that the Law was read through twice in a Sabbath of years.

Bibliography:
  • Ginsburg's Massoretic Bible, London, 1894;
  • Ginsburg's Introduction to the Bible, 4:32-33, ib. 1897;
  • Büchler. The Reading of the Law and Prophets in a Triennial Cycle, in J. Q. R. 5:420-468.
Sidrot.
________________________________________________________________
Annual Cycle.Triennial Cycle.
I. Bereshit (Genesis 1:1-6:8.)1.Genesis 1:1-2:3
2."2:4-3:21
3."3:22-
26
4.Genesis 5:1-6:8
II. Noah (Genesis 6:9-11:32)5.Genesis 6:9-7:24
6.Genesis 8:1-14
7."8:15-
17
8.Genesis 9:18-10:32
9.Genesis 11:1-32
III. Lek Leka (Genesis 12:1-17:27)10.Genesis 12:1-12:18
11.Genesis 14:1-24
12."15:1-21
13."16:1-
17:27
IV. Wayera (Genesis 18:1-22:24)14.Genesis 18:1-33
15."19:1-38
16."20:1-18
17."21:1-34
18."22:1-19
19."22:20-
23:20*
V. Hayye Sarah (Genesis 23:1-25:18)20.Genesis 24:1-41
21."24:42-67
22."25:1-18
VI. Toledot (Genesis 25:19-28:9)23.Genesis 25:19-26:35
24.Genesis 27:1-27
25.Genesis 27:28-28:9
VII. Wayeẓe (Genesis 28:10-32:3)26.Genesis 28:10-29:30
27.Genesis 29:31-30:21
28.Genesis 30:22-31:2
29.Genesis 31:3-32:3
VIII. Wayishlah (Genesis 32:4-36:43)30.Genesis 32:4-33:18
31.Genesis 33:19-35:8
32.Genesis 35:9-36:43
IX. Wayesheb (Genesis 37:1- 23)33.Genesis 37:1-36
34.Genesis 38:1-30
35.Genesis 39:1-23
36.Gen. 1-23
X. Miḳḳeẓ (Genesis 41:1-:17)37.Genesis 41:1-37
38."41:38-
17
39.Genesis 42:18-43:13
40.Genesis 43:14-44:17
XI. Wayiggash (Genesis 44:18-47:27)41.Genesis 44:18-46:27
42.Genesis 46:28-47:31*
XII. Wayeḥi (Genesis 47:28-1.26)43.Genesis 48:1-22
44.Genesis 49:1-26
45."49:27-
1. 26
XIII. Shemot (Ex.1:1-6:1)46.Exodus 1:1-22
47."2:1-25
48."3:1-4:17
49."4:18-6:1
XIV. Wa'era (Exodus 6:2-9:35)50.Exodus 6:2-7:7
51."7:8-
15
52.Exodus 8:16-9:35
XV. Bo (Exodus 10:1-13:16)53.Exodus 10:1-29
54."11:1-12:28
55."12:29-51
56."13:1-
14*
XVI. Beshallah (Exodus 13:17 17:16)57.Exodus 14:15-16:3
58.Exodus 16:4-27
59."16:28-
17:16
XVII. Yitro (Exodus 18:1-20:26)60.Exodus 18:1-19:5
61.Exodus 19:6-20:23*
XVIII. Mishpatim (Exodus 21:1-24:18)62.Exodus 21:1-22:23
63.Exodus 22:24-23:19
64.Exodus 23:20-24:18
XIX. Terumah (Exodus 25:1-27:19)65.Exodus 25:1-40
66."26:1-30
67."26:31-
27:19
XX. Teẓawweh (Exodus 27:20-30:10)68.Exodus 27:20-28:43
69.Exodus 29:1-46
70."30:1-38*
XXI. Ki Tissa (Exodus 30:11-34:35)71.Exodus 31:1-32:14
72.Exodus 32:15-33:23
73.Exodus 34:1-26
74."34:27-
35:29*
XXII. Wayaḳhel (Exodus 35:1-38:20)75.Exodus 35:30-36:38
76.Exodus 37:1-38:20
XXIII. Peḳude (Exodus 38:21- 38)77.Exodus 38:21-39:32
78.Exodus 39:33- 38
XXIV. Wayiḳra (Leviticus 1:1-5:26)79.Leviticus 1:1-3:17
80."4:1-35
81."5:1-
11*
XXV. Ẓaw (Leviticus 6:1-8:36)82.Leviticus 6:12-7:38
83.Leviticus 8:1-10:7*
XXVI. Shemini (Leviticus 9:1-11:47)84.Leviticus 10:8-20
85."11:1-47
XXVII. Tazria' (Leviticus 12:1-13:59)86.Leviticus 12:1-13:28
87.Leviticus 13:29-59
XXVIII. Meẓora' (Leviticus 14:1-15:33)88.Leviticus 14:1-32
89."14:33-57
90."15:1-24
91."15:25-
16:34*
XXIX Aḥare Mot (Leviticus 16:1-18:30)92.Leviticus 17:1-16
93."18:1-30
XXX Ḳedoshim (Leviticus 19:1-20:27)94.Leviticus 19:1-22
95."19:23-
20:27
XXXI. Emor (Leviticus 21:1-24:23)96.Leviticus 21:1-22:16
97.Leviticus 22:17-23:8
98.Leviticus 23:9-44
99.Leviticus 24:1-25:13*
XXXII. Behar (Leviticus 25:1-26:2)100.Leviticus 25:14-34
101.Leviticus 25:35-26:2
XXXIII. Beḥuḳḳotal (Leviticus 26:3-27:34)102.Leviticus 26:3-46
103.Leviticus 27:1-34
XXXIV. Bemidbar (Numbers 1:1-4:20)104.Numbers 1:1-54
105."2:1-34
106."3:1-
16
107.Numbers 4:17-5:10*
XXXV. Naso (Numbers 4:21-7:89)108.Numbers 5:11-31
109."6:1-21
110."6:22-
7:47
111.Numbers 7:48-89
XXXVI. Beha'aloteka (Numbers 8:1-12:16)112.Numbers 8:1-9:23
113.Numbers 10:1-11:15
114.Numbers 11:16-22
115."11:23-
16
XXXVII. Shelaḥ (Numbers 13:1-15:41)116.Numbers 13:1-14:10
117.Numbers 14:11-45
118.Numbers 15:1-41
XXXVIII. Ḳoraḥ (Numbers 16:1-18:32)119.Numbers 16:1-17:15
120.Num.17:16-18:32
XXXIX. Ḥuḳḳat (Numbers 19:1-22:1)121.Numbers 19:1-20:13
122.Numbers 20:14-22:1
XL. Baiaḳ (Numbers 22:2-25:9)123.Numbers 22:2-23:9
124.Numbers 23:10-24:25
125.Numbers 25:1-9
XLI. Pineḥas (Numbers 25:10-30:1)126.Numbers 25:10-26:51
127.Numbers 26:52-27:14
128.Numbers 27:15-28:25
129.Numbers 28:26-30:1
XLII. Maṭṭot (Numbers 30:2-32:42)130.Numbers 30:2-17
131.Numbers 31:1-24
132.Numbers 31:25-54
133.Numbers 32:1-42
XLIII. Masse'e (Numbers 33:1-36:13)134.Numbers 33:1-56
135.Numbers 34:1-35:8
136.Numbers 35:9-36:13
XLIV. Debarim (Deuteronomy 1:1-3:22)137.Deuteronomy 1:1-2:1
138."2:2-30
139."2:31-
22
XLV. Wa'etḥanan (Deuteronomy 3:23-7:11)140.Deuteronomy 3:23-4:24
141.Deuteronomy 4:25-40
142."4:41-
6:3
143.Deuteronomy 6:4-7:11
XLVI. 'Eḳeb (Deuteronomy 7:12-11:25)144.Deuteronomy 7:12-8:20
145.Deuteronomy 9:1-29
146."10:1-11:9
147."11:10-
12:19*
XLVII. Re'eh (Deuteronomy 11:26-16:17)148.Deuteronomy 12:20-13:1
149.Deuteronomy 13:2-19
150.Deuteronomy 14:1-15:6
151.Deuteronomy 15:7-16:17
XLVIII. Shofeṭim (Deuteronomy 16:18-21:9)152.Deuteronomy 16:18-17:13
153.Deuteronomy 17:14-18:12
154.Deuteronomy 18:13-20:9
155.Deuteronomy 20:10-21:9
XLIX. Ki Teẓe (Deuteronomy 21:10-25:19)156.Deuteronomy 21:10-22:5
157.Deuteronomy 22:6-23:9
158.Deuteronomy 23:10-21
159.Deuteronomy 23:22-24:18
160.Deuteronomy 24:19-25:19
L. Ki Tabo (Deuteronomy 26:1-29:8)161.Deuteronomy 26:1-27:26
162.Deuteronomy 28:1-29:8
LI. Niẓẓabim (Deuteronomy 29:9-30:20)163.Deuteronomy 29:9-30:10
164.Deuteronomy 30:11-31:13*
LII. Wayelek (Deuteronomy 31:1-30)165.Deuteronomy 31:14-30
LIII. Ha'azinu (Deuteronomy 32:1-52)166.Deuteronomy 32:1-52
LIV. Wezot ha-Berakah (Deuteronomy 33:1-34:12)167.Deuteronomy 33:1-34:12
J.
I. G. D.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.

Bibliography Information
Singer, Isidore, Ph.D, Projector and Managing Editor. Entry for 'Sidra'. 1901 The Jewish Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/tje/s/sidra.html. 1901.

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