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Bible Encyclopedias

The 1901 Jewish Encyclopedia

Teman

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Originally, the name of a tribe and then of a district of the Edomites. In Biblical genealogy it is the name of the eldest son of Eliphaz, the first-born of Esau, and one of the "dukes" of Edom (Genesis 36:11,15,42; 1 Chronicles 1:36,53). The genealogy here noted proves that Teman was one of the most important of the Edomite tribes, and this is confirmed by the fact that "Teman" is used as a synonym for Edom itself (Amos 1:12; Obad. 9; comp. Jeremiah 49:20,22; Habakkuk 3:3). The Temanites were famed for their wisdom (Jeremiah 49:7; Baruch 3:22); Eliphaz, the oldest and wisest of the friends of Job, is described as a member of this tribe (Job 2:11 et passim).

Teman is referred to in Obad. 9 as a part of the mount of Esau, while Amos 1:12 mentions it in connection with the Edomitic "palaces of Bozrah"; Ezekiel 25:13 speaks of it in contrast to the southern boundary Dedan. The "Onomasticon" of Eusebius (260, 155) mentions a region called Thaiman, in Gebalene (the GEBAL of Psalms 83:8 [A. V. 7]), and thus in the district of Petra, noting also an East Teman, a town with a Roman garrison fifteen (according to Jerome, five) miles from Petra.

E. C.
I. Be.

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Bibliography Information
Singer, Isidore, Ph.D, Projector and Managing Editor. Entry for 'Teman'. 1901 The Jewish Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/tje/t/teman.html. 1901.

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