Attention!
15 million Ukrainian are displaced by Russia's war.
Millions miss a meal or two each day.
Help us change that! Click to donate today!

Bible Encyclopedias

The 1901 Jewish Encyclopedia

Eleazar B. Dinai

Leader of the ZEALOTS (35-60, C.E.). When the Jews of Peræea had boundary disputes with the pagan population of Philadelphia, the procurator Fadus killed Annibas, one of the three leaders, and banished the other two, Amram and Eleazar. The latter may be identical with Eleazar b. Dinai. When Jewish pilgrims traversing Samaritan territory were killed by hostile Samaritans, the Jews in self-defense called Eleazar b. Dinai down from the mountains, and he ravaged Akrabatene.

The procurator Felix succeeded by cunning in capturing Eleazar and his band, sending him in chains to Rome (Josephus, "Ant." 20:1, § 1; 6, § 1; 8, § 5; "B. J." 2:12, § 4; 13, § 2).

Rabbinical sources also mention Eleazar. The Midrash to Song of Solomon 3:5 says that in the days of Amram and (Ben) Dinai the Jews prematurely attempted liberation. Mention is also made of a companion of Eleazar, Teḥina ben Perisha by name, probably the Alexander mentioned by Josephus. Through the example of these two men murders became so frequent that the sacrifice of atonement for an unknown murderer (Deuteronomy 21:1-8) was abolished (Soṭah 9:9; Tosef. 14:1; Bab. 47b; Yer. 24a; Sifre, Deut. 205). The wife of Eleazar b. Dinai is also mentioned (Ket. 27a).

Bibliography:
  • Grätz, Gesch. 4th ed., 3:431,436;
  • Schürer, Gesch. 3d ed., 1:570;
  • Büchler, Das Grosse Synedrion in Jerusalem, p. 143, Vienna, 1902.
G.
S. Kr.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.

Bibliography Information
Singer, Isidore, Ph.D, Projector and Managing Editor. Entry for 'Eleazar B. Dinai'. 1901 The Jewish Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/tje/e/eleazar-b-dinai.html. 1901.

Search for…
Enter query in the box below:
Choose a letter to browse:
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z