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International Standard Bible Encyclopedia


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eb -en -ē´zẽr ( אבן חעזר , 'ebhen hā -‛ezer , "stone of the help"; Ἀβενέζερ , Abenézer ):

(1) Here Israel was defeated by the Philistines, 4,000 men falling in the battle (1 Samuel 4:1 ). It appears also to have been the scene of the disaster when the ark of God was captured (1 Samuel 4:3 ). The place is not identified. It was over against Aphek; but this site is also unknown (compare Joshua 12:18 ). Eusebius, Onomasticon places it between Jerusalem and Ascalon, in the neighborhood of Beth-shemesh. Conder suggests Deir Abān , fully 2 miles East of ‛Ain Shems (PEF , III, 24).

(2) A stone set up by Samuel to perpetuate the memory of the signal victory granted to Israel over the Philistines in answer to his prayer (1 Samuel 7:12 ). It stood between Mizpeh and Shen. The latter is probably identical with ‛Ain Sinia , North of Bethel. This defines the district in which it may be found; but no identification is yet possible.

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Bibliography Information
Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. Entry for 'Eben-Ezer'. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. 1915.

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