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rḗ - būk ´: As a verb "rebuke" is in the Old Testament the translation of גּער , gā‛ar and יכח , yākhaḥ ; another word, rı̄bh , in Nehemiah 5:7 , is in the Revised Version (British and American) translated "contended with." "Rebuke" (noun) is most frequently the translation of ge‛ārāh ; also in the King James Version of ḥerpāh (Isaiah 25:8 ; Jeremiah 15:15 , the Revised Version (British and American) "reproach"), and of a few other words signifying reproach, etc. "Rebuker" (mūṣār , literally, "correction," "chastisement") in Hosea 5:2 has the Revised Version margin "Hebrew 'rebuke.'" In the New Testament "to rebuke" is most often the translation of ἐπιτιμάω , epitimáō (Matthew 8:26 ; Matthew 16:22 ; Matthew 17:18 , etc.); also in the King James Version of ἐλέγχω , elégchō , always in the Revised Version (British and American) rendered "reprove" (1 Timothy 5:20 ; Titus 1:13 ; Titus 2:15 ; Hebrews 12:5 ; Revelation 3:19 ). Another word is epiplḗtto (once, 1 Timothy 5:1 ); "without rebuke" in Philippians 2:15 is in the Revised Version (British and American) "without blemish." On the other hand, the Revised Version (British and American) has "rebuke" for several words in the King James Version, as for "reprove" ( 2 Kings 19:4 ; Isaiah 37:4 ), "reproof" (Job 26:11 ; Proverbs 17:10 ), "charged" (Mark 10:48 ). In Isaiah 2:4 ; Micah 4:3 , the English Revised Version has "reprove" for "rebuke," and in the margin "decide concerning," which is text in the American Standard Revised Version. In Ecclesiasticus 11:7 we have the wise counsel: "Understand first, and then rebuke" (epitimaō ).

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Bibliography Information
Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. Entry for 'Rebuke'. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. 1915.

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