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Bible Encyclopedias

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

Sleep, Deep

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( תּרדּמה , tardēmāh , verb רדם , rādham , from a root meaning "to be deaf"): The verb rādham has no further meaning than "to be fast asleep" ( Judges 4:21 ; Jonah 1:5 ), but the King James Version used "deep sleep" as a translation only in Daniel 8:18 ; Daniel 10:9 , where a sleep supernaturally caused (a "trance") is meant compare "dead sleep" in Psalm 76:6 ). The Revised Version's insertion of deep sleep in place of The King James Version's "fast asleep" in Judges 4:21 is consequently unfortunate. The noun tardēmāh has the same meaning of "trance" in Genesis 2:21 ; Genesis 15:12 ; 1 Samuel 26:12 ; Job 4:13 ; Job 33:15 , but in Proverbs 19:15 ; Isaiah 29:10 , it is used figuratively of torpor. In Acts 20:9 ( húpnos bathtús ), heavy natural sleep is meant.

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Bibliography Information
Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. Entry for 'Sleep, Deep'. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. 1915.

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Tuesday, January 28th, 2020
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