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Bible Encyclopedias

Kitto's Popular Cyclopedia of Biblial Literature


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Cal´neh, or rather Chalneh, the fourth of Nimrod's cities (), and probably not different from the Calno of , or the Canneh of . According to the Chaldee translation, with which Eusebius and Jerome agree, this is the same place that was subsequently called Ctesiphon. It lay on the Tigris, opposite Seleucia, and was for a time the capital of the Parthians. In the time of the prophet Amos, Calneh appears to have constituted an independent principality (): but not long after it became, with the rest of Western Asia, a prey to the Assyrians (). About 150 years later, Calneh was still a considerable town, as may be inferred from its being mentioned by Ezekiel () among the places which traded with Tyre. The site of Ctesiphon, or Calneh, was afterwards occupied by El-Madain, i.e. the two cities, of which the only remains are the ruins of a remarkable palace called Teuk-kesra, some mounds of rubbish, and a considerable extent of massive wall towards the river.





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Kitto, John, ed. Entry for 'Calneh'. "Kitto's Popular Cyclopedia of Biblial Literature".

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the Week of Proper 25 / Ordinary 30
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