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Bible Encyclopedias

Kitto's Popular Cyclopedia of Biblial Literature


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Eliphaz, 1

Eli´phaz (God the strong), a son of Esau and Adah ().

Eliphaz, 2

Eli´phaz, one of the three friends who came to condole with Job in his affliction, and who took part in that remarkable discussion which occupies the book of Job. He was of Teman in Idumaea; and as Eliphaz the son of Esau had a son called Teman, from whom the place took its name, there is reason to conclude that this Eliphaz was a descendant of the former Eliphaz. Some, indeed, even go so far as to suppose that the Eliphaz of Job was no other than the son of Esau. This view is of course confined to those who refer the age of Job to the time of the patriarchs.

Eliphaz is the first of the friends to take up the debate, in reply to Job's passionate complaints. The scope of his argument and the character of his oratory are described under another head [JOB, BOOK OF]. He appears to have been the oldest of the speakers, from which circumstance, or from natural disposition, his language is more mild and sedate than that of any of the other speakers. He begins his orations with delicacy, and conducts his part of the argument with considerable address. His share in the controversy occupies Job 4-5; Job 15; Job 22.





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Bibliography Information
Kitto, John, ed. Entry for 'Eliphaz'. "Kitto's Popular Cyclopedia of Biblial Literature".

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