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Bible Encyclopedias

The 1901 Jewish Encyclopedia


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Ancient people of northwestern Palestine. In Genesis 10:17 , 1Chronicles 1:15 , the Arkite () is mentioned as a son of Canaan and opens the series of the chief Phenician cities. The city of Arka, from which the name is derived, is the modern ruin Tell ' Arḳ a in the Lebanon, northeast of Tripolis, on a brook called River of ' Arḳ a (not the Sabbatical River of Josephus!). The city occurs in Egyptian inscriptions, about 1500 B.C. , as ' (I )rḳ an (a )tu (W. M. Mü ller, "Asien und Europa," p. 247) in the Amarna Letters (122 et seq. ) as Irgata, Irganatu. The Assyrians mention Irḳ anat as hostile under Shalmaneser II. Tiglath-pileser III. subjected Arḳ a (Delitzsch, "Paradies," pp. 272,284 Schrader, "Cuneiform Inscriptions and the Old Testament," 1:87,246). In Roman times Arka (Arkē , etc.) was an important town, called Cæ sarea Libani. It was a Roman colony and famous for the cult of Venus Arcitis (Macrobius ). As a fortress it played a prominent part in the Crusades.

The strange form Ariḳ i in the Septuagint, in Josephus, and in the Samaritan text is not intelligible.

J. Jr. W. M. M.

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Bibliography Information
Singer, Isidore, Ph.D, Projector and Managing Editor. Entry for 'Arkite(s)'. 1901 The Jewish Encyclopedia. 1901.

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Arkovy, Joseph
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