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Bible Encyclopedias

The 1901 Jewish Encyclopedia

Ebstein, Wilhelm

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German physician born in Jauer, Prussian Silesia, Nov. 27, 1836. He studied medicine at the universities of Breslau and Berlin, graduating from the last-named in 1859. In this year he was appointed physician at the Allerheiligen Hospital, Breslau in 1868, chief physician at the municipal poorhouse in 1869, privatdocent in 1874, professor in Gö ttingen University (which chair he still [1903] holds) and in 1877, director of the university hospital and dispensary.

Ebstein's specialties are malassimilation and defective nutrition, in the treatment of which he has introduced several new methods. He eliminates the hydrocarbons from the food almost entirely, but allows fat to be taken with adequate albumen, his theory being that fat contains nutritive matter equivalent to two and a half times that of hydrocarbons (see the following by Ebstein: "Die Fettleibigkeit," etc., 7th ed., Wiesbaden, 1887 "Fett oder Kohlenhydrate," Wiesbaden, 1885 and "Wasserentziehung und Anstrengende Muskelbewegungen," ib. 1885 also Oertel, "Die Ebsteinsche Flugschrift ü ber Wasserentziehung," Leipsic, 1885). In this field Ebstein has become one of the leading specialists of the world.

Of his numerous works may be mentioned: "Nierenkrankheiten Nebst den Affectionen der Nierenbecken und der Urnieren," in Von Ziemssen's "Handbuch der Speziellen Pathologie und Therapie," 2d ed., vol. ix. "Traumatische Leukä mie," in "Deutsche Med. Wochenschrift," 1894 "Handbuch der Praktischen Medizin," ib. 1899 "Die Medizin im Alten Testament," Stuttgart, 1901 "Handbuch der Praktischen Medizin," (with Schwalbe), ib. 1901 "Die Krankheiten im Feldzuge Gegen Russland," ib. 1902 "Dorf- und Stadthygiene," ib. 1902 "Die Medizin in Bibel und Talmud" (New Testament and Talmud), ib. 1903.

Bibliography : Pagel, Biographisches Lexikon , s.v. Meyers Konversations-Lexikon , s.v. Brockhaus, Konversations-Lexikon , s.v.S. F. T. H.

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Bibliography Information
Singer, Isidore, Ph.D, Projector and Managing Editor. Entry for 'Ebstein, Wilhelm'. 1901 The Jewish Encyclopedia. 1901.

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