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Bible Encyclopedias

The 1901 Jewish Encyclopedia


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Capital of the arrondissement of the department of Calvados, in Normandy, France, and till 1206 under English rule. It seems to have had a considerable Jewish community in the Middle Ages. Jacob and Morellus of "Falesia" were among the Jews authorized (1204) to live at the Ch?^ telet at Paris. A decree of the Court of Exchequer of Falaise, issued in 1220 to avenge the murder of a Jew of Bernai, made all the citizens responsible, excepting those who had responded to his cries for help. In 1299 the taxes paid by the Jew Abraham and his coreligionists of Falaise amounted to seventy-five livres.

The following Jewish scholars of Falaise are known: Simson ben Joseph, the tosafist Samuel ben Solomon, called also "Sire Morel" Ḥ ayyim Paltiel Moses of Falaise Yom-Ṭ ob of Falaise.

Bibliography : Delisle, Catalogue des Artes do Philippe-Auguste , p. 890 Brussel, Usage des Fiefs , vol. i., book ii., ch. 39 comp. Bedarride, Les Juifs en France , etc., p. 217 Depping, Les Juifs dans le Moyen Age , p. 120, Paris, 1834 Zunz, Z. G. pp. 35, 56 et passim Renan-Neubauer, Les Rabbins Franç ais , pp. 444 et passim R. E. J. 15:255. G. S. K.

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Bibliography Information
Singer, Isidore, Ph.D, Projector and Managing Editor. Entry for 'Falaise'. 1901 The Jewish Encyclopedia. 1901.

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