corner graphic   Hi,    
ver. 2.0.20.02.18
Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Go to classic.studylight.org/

Bible Encyclopedias

The 1901 Jewish Encyclopedia

Gallery

Resource Toolbox
Additional Links

An elevated floor, or a balcony, in the interior of a church, synagogue, or other large building, resting on columns, and surrounded by a balustrade. In the Orthodox synagogues it is reserved for women for the modern usage see Frauenschul .

The Temple had galleries in the shape of winged or bay chambers, variously described as "ẓ ela' ," "gizrah" or "attiḳ " (attic), and "' aliyyah" (IKings 6:5 Ezekiel 41:13-15 1Chronicles 28:11 ). But these, it appears, were either private chambers or passages, or merely architectural ornamentation. A gallery used for public gatherings was constructed in the women's apartment ("' ezrat nashim") in the Temple for the libation celebration at Sukkot.

The Mishnah relates that "On the eve following the first day of the festival they went down fifteen steps to the women's ' azarah, and prepared a great improvement" (Suk. 5:2), which R. Eleazar explains was the gallery erected above for the accommodation of the women, enabling them to witness the men below celebrating the "water libation" to the accompaniment of music, song, dances, and illuminations. The Tosefta says there were galleries on the three sides of the ' azarah, so that women could observe the celebration separately (Tosef., Suk. 4:1). "The house of David apart, and their wives apart," is quoted against the mingling of sexes in public gatherings (Zechariah 13:12 see Maimonides, "Yad," Lulab, viii.).

In the Reform synagogues the galleries are used for the accommodation of non-members of both sexes. See Architecture, Jewish Frauenschul Jerusalem Reform Temple .

A. J. D. E.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.

Bibliography Information
Singer, Isidore, Ph.D, Projector and Managing Editor. Entry for 'Gallery'. 1901 The Jewish Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/tje/g/gallery.html. 1901.

Lectionary Calendar
Tuesday, February 18th, 2020
the Sixth Week after Epiphany
There are 54 days til Easter!
ADVERTISEMENT
Search for…
Enter query in the box:
 or 
Choose a letter to browse:
A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M 
N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  Y  Z 

 
ADVERTISEMENT
To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient contact form
Powered by Lightspeed Technology