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Bible Encyclopedias

The 1901 Jewish Encyclopedia

Ibn Ezra, Joseph Ben Isaac

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Oriental rabbi of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries descendant of the Ibn Ezra family of Spain. Brought up in Salonica, he studied under the direction of Samuel di Modena, and became head of the Talmudic school there among his pupils were Aaron Ḥ azzan, Meï r Melammed, and Shabbethai Jonah. Late in life Ibn Ezra was compelled to seek refuge in Constantinople, whence he was called to the rabbinate of Sofia, in which city he died. Ibn Ezra was a learned Talmudist, and his works were highly esteemed. He wrote: "Rosh Yosef," a commentary on the Ṭ urim, of which the part treating of communal taxes and contributions was published at Salonica (1601), under the title "Massa' Melek" "' Aẓ amot Yosef," commentary on Ḳ iddushin (ib. 1601 Berlin, 1699 Fü Ruth 1767 ). In the preface to the latter the author states that the object of the commentary is to give, in addition to the ordinary exposition of the text ("peshaṭ "), a clear, insight into the methodology of the Talmud. He states further that the responsa of Joseph ibn Leb (1576), which reached him after he had finished his commentary, compelled him to make some changes therein. Appended to the work are the halakic decisions of the treatise in question with explanations of some difficult passages in various other treatises. Ibn Ezra also wrote: a commentary on Baba Meẓ i' a, mentioned in the "' Aẓ amot Yosef " rules for the interpretation of the Talmud responsa, some of which are found in the "' Aẓ amot Yosef," the responsa of Salomon ha-Kohen, Samuel di ' Modena's "Beno Shemuel," and the "Shai la-Mora" of Shabbethai Jonah.

Bibliography : Introduction to the ' Aẓ amot Yosef Conforte, Ḳ ore ha-Dorot , p. 43b Azulai, Shem ha-Gedolim , 1:77, 2:108 Cassel, in Ersch and Gruber, Encyc. section ii., part 31, p. 74 Steinschneider, Cat. Bodl. Colossians 1460 .S. I. Br.

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Bibliography Information
Singer, Isidore, Ph.D, Projector and Managing Editor. Entry for 'Ibn Ezra, Joseph Ben Isaac'. 1901 The Jewish Encyclopedia. 1901.

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