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Bible Encyclopedias

The 1901 Jewish Encyclopedia


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  1. A contemporary of Moses, called in the Pentateuch "son of Manasseh," who in the beginning of the conquest took from the Amorites the whole tract of Argob, containing sixty fortified cities, which he called Havoth-jair ( Numbers 32:41 Deuteronomy 3:14 Joshua 13:30 1 Kings 4:13 ). In 1Chronicles 2:22,23 Jair is mentioned as of mixed descent, he being the son of Segub, whose father was Hezron, a Judahite, and whose mother was the daughter of Machir, grandson of Manasseh and father of Gilead.

  2. A Gileadite who judged Israel for twenty-two years. He had thirty sons and thirty cities were called after him "Havoth-jair." He was buried at Camon (Judges 10:3-5 ). This Jair is probably the same as No. 1. According to another tradition the number of cities called after him was twenty-three (1Chronicles 2:22 ).

  3. The father of Mordecai, a Benjamite (Esther 2:5 ).

  4. (Ḳ ere, ketib, = "He awakens.") Father of Elhanan, one of David's heroes (1Chronicles 20:5 ). In the parallel narrative in 2Samuel 21:19 his name is stated to be "Jaare-oregim."

E. G. H. M. Sel.
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Bibliography Information
Singer, Isidore, Ph.D, Projector and Managing Editor. Entry for 'Jair'. 1901 The Jewish Encyclopedia. 1901.

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Tuesday, October 15th, 2019
the Week of Proper 23 / Ordinary 28
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