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Bible Encyclopedias

The 1901 Jewish Encyclopedia

Rabbah Gaon (Mar Raba)

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Gaon at Pumbedita from 640 to 650 (Halevy, "Dorot ha-Rishonim," 3:177 comp. "Sefer ha-' Iṭ ṭ ur," 1:59b) or, according to Grä tz, from 670 to 680. He was a contemporary of Huna, gaon of Sura. These two school leaders were the authors of a very important regulation regarding divorce. According to Talmudic law, a wife may seek a divorce only in very rare cases, as when her husband is afflicted with a loathsome disease or is engaged in an offensive business. Their decision, however, made it possible for a woman to secure a divorce on grounds of incompatability, and that without the necessity of waiting a year from the date of application and without suffering any loss of property, which had been the previous practise (Sherira, in "Sha' are Ẓ edeḳ ," No. 15, ed. Cassel). This decision introduced legal equality between man and wife.

Bibliography : Sherira, in Neubauer, M. J. C. 1:35: Grä tz, Gesch. 5:117, 349 Halevy, Dorot ha-Rishonim , 3:173-177.W. B. J. Z. L.

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Bibliography Information
Singer, Isidore, Ph.D, Projector and Managing Editor. Entry for 'Rabbah Gaon (Mar Raba)'. 1901 The Jewish Encyclopedia. 1901.

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Friday, October 18th, 2019
the Week of Proper 23 / Ordinary 28
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