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Bible Encyclopedias

The 1901 Jewish Encyclopedia

Rabina i.

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Babylonian amora of the fifth generation died about 420. He was a pupil of Raba b. Joseph b. Ḥ ama, and his extreme youthfulness at that time is shown by the fact that his teacher designated him and Ḥ ama b. Bisa as "dardeḳ i" (children B. B. 16b). He frequently addressed questions to Raba (Mak. 8a Men. 67a), whose sayings he cites (Shab. 136a, b). At an early age Rabina was recognized as a teacher, leaving the academy at Maḥ oza while Raba was still living (' Er. 63a Halevy, "Dorot ha-Rishonim," 2:543-544). Wherever he lived he was recognized as a teacher and judge, and was called upon to render independent decisions (' Er. 40a Giṭ . 73a). Rabina was on friendly terms with Naḥ man b. Isaac (Giṭ . 32b Hor. 9a), and was a colleague of R. Aḥ a (b. Raba), with whom he had many disputations on legal questions, Rabina being inclined to liberal interpretations while R. Aḥ a upheld those more rigorous. Rabina's decisions always prevailed, with the exception of three cases in which, contrary to his custom, he advocated stern measures (Ḥ ul. 93b). When R. Ashi became director of the Academy of Sura (or Matah Meḥ asya), Rabina became a student there, although he was at least as old as Ashi— perhaps even a few years older however, he was rather the associate of Ashi ("talmid ḥ aber") than his pupil (' Er. 63a). Next to Ashi, Rabina had the greatest share in the redaction of the Talmud undertaken by Ashi and his colleagues. Rabina died seven years before Ashi.

Bibliography : Heilprin, Seder ha-Dorot , 2:339 Halevy, Dorot ha-Rishonim , 2:536-550, 3:74-85.W. B. J. Z. L.

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Singer, Isidore, Ph.D, Projector and Managing Editor. Entry for 'Rabina i.'. 1901 The Jewish Encyclopedia. 1901.

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