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Bible Encyclopedias

The 1901 Jewish Encyclopedia

Tobiah Ben Elijah of Vienne (Burgundy)

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French tosafist of the thirteenth century. He was a younger contemporary, and perhaps also a pupil, of Isaac ben Abraham of Dampierre, at whose funeral he was present in 1210. Authors of the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries speak of Tobiah as a very prominent teacher of the Law and he is known also as a Bible commentator and liturgical poet. It seems that he wrote a highly important casuistic work, from which the many decisions quoted in his name were taken. His pupil Abraham ben Ephraim often refers, in his "Sefer ha-Miẓ wot," to Tobiah as an authority.

Tobiah is quoted in the Tosafot (B. Ḳ . 69b), several times in "Mordekai," in the "Shibbole ha-Leḳ eṭ ," and in "Tashbez." His religious poetry, inspired by the persecutions of his coreligionists, consists of "seliḥ ot," included in a Burgundian Maḥ zor. They are impressive in style, and show mastery of form. It appears from a passage in a Cambridge manuscript that Jehiel of Paris visited Tobiah on his journey to Palestine in 1260.

Bibliography : Zunz, Z. G. p. 56 idem, Literaturgesch . p. 303 Gross, Gallia Judaica , p. 192.E. C. A. Pe.

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Bibliography Information
Singer, Isidore, Ph.D, Projector and Managing Editor. Entry for 'Tobiah Ben Elijah of Vienne (Burgundy)'. 1901 The Jewish Encyclopedia. 1901.

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