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Bible Encyclopedias

The 1901 Jewish Encyclopedia

Uri Phoebus Ben Aaron ha-Levi

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Dutch printer born at Amsterdam 1623 died there Jan. 27, 1715 (not at Zolkiev in 1713, as Steinschneider records) son of Aaron ha-Levi, ḥ azzan at the Neweh Shalom Synagogue, Amsterdam, and grandson of Moses Uri ha-Levi, founder and first ḥ akam of the Spanish-Portuguese congregation in that city. After having first worked as a typesetter for Immanuel Benveniste, in whose establishment he printed Pappenheim's edition of the "Mishle Ḥ akamim" in 1656, Phoebus opened an establishment of his own in 1658 and carried on business as a printer till 1689. His imprint was a ewer and two fishes. In the first year he printed several books, among them a prayer-book of the German ritual. The last work he issued was a Sephardic Maḥ zor, completed in 1689. Of more important works only two were printed by Phoebus, the Shulḥ an ' Aruk, Ḥ oshen Mishpaṭ , with the commentary "Sifte Kohen" of Shabbethai ha-Kohen (1663), and a Judæ o-German translation of the Bible by Jekuthiel Blitz, who worked as a corrector in Phoebus' printing-house. In 1693 Phoebus opened a printing-house at Zolkiev, and there printed calendars and ritual and Judæ o-German works till 1705.

It is doubtful whether Uri Phoebus was the author of the evening benediction in Judæ o-German (Amsterdam, 1677) attributed to him and he can scarcely have written the rare Spanish work "Memoria Para os Siglos Futuros" (ib. Kislew 10, 5471 = Dec., 1710), which was printed in Portuguese at the expense of Moses Levy Maduro under the title "Narracaõ da Vinda dos Judeos Espanhoẽ s a Amsterdam" ( ib. 1768), this version forming the basis of the Hebrew translation by Isaac ha-Kohen Belinfante.

Bibliography : Fü rst, Bibl. Jud. 3:95 Steinschneider, Hebr. Bibl. 3:6 idem, Cat. Bodl. cols. 3061 et seq. Steinschneider and Cassel, Jü dische Typographie , in Ersch and Gruber, Encyc. section ii., part 28, pp. 65-66 Hillesum, in Centraal Blad voor Israeliten in Nederland , 1900, No. 13,599 Cardozo de Bethencourt, Aankomst der Joden te Amsterdam , pp. 10 et seq. , Amsterdam, 1904 Kayserling, Bibl. Esp.-Port.-Jud. p. 59. J. M. Sel. M. K.

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Bibliography Information
Singer, Isidore, Ph.D, Projector and Managing Editor. Entry for 'Uri Phoebus Ben Aaron ha-Levi'. 1901 The Jewish Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/tje/u/uri-phoebus-ben-aaron-ha-levi.html. 1901.

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Wednesday, November 20th, 2019
the Week of Proper 28 / Ordinary 33
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