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Today in Christian History
Death of Pope St. Julius. A staunch defender of Athanasius, he gave him asylum when he was forced into exile by the empire's Arian faction.
A Frankish army attacks Constantinople from Venetian ships as part of the Fourth Crusade and will breach the walls the next day, after which the soldiers will rape and pillage for three days and desecrate the city's great place of worship, the Hagia Sophia.
Reformation evangelist William Farel is forbidden to preach in Meaux, France. Subsequently, he will shift his endeavors to Switzerland.
Mass is said in Zurich for the last time as an act of the established church.
Protestant converts Thomas Loseby, Henry Ramsey, Thomas Thirtel, Margaret Hide, and Agnes Stanley are burned together in a single fire during the reign of Mary Tudor.
French-born Swiss reformer Theodore Beza (John Calvin's successor) wrote in a letter to Scottish reformer John Knox: 'They whose citizenship is in heaven ought to have their whole dependence on heaven.'
Death of Jacques-Beniqne Bossuet, bishop of Meaux, orator, philosopher, and historian. A master of style and argument, he supported the divine right of kings, defended the freedom of the French church and monarchy against popes, upheld Catholic doctrines against Protestants, and obtained the church's condemnation of some writings of the Quietist bishop François Fenelon.
The Evangelical Reformed Church in Northwest Germany was created by royal decree when the king of Prussia ordered the 124 "reformed" congregations scattered throughout the area to become incorporated as an independent territorial church.
Patriarch Tikhon raises Vladimir Nikolsky to the rank of archbishop of Perm where he takes the name Andronicus. The following year Andronicus will be shot and buried alive (one account will say drowned) by Soviets irate that he stands for the old regime against their atheism and resists their looting of Russian Orthodox churches.
Twentieth anniversary of Watchman Nee's imprisonment, five years more than his maximum sentence. Within weeks the evangelical pastor will be dead.
© 1987-2020, William D. Blake. Portions used by permission of the author, from "Almanac of the Christian Church"