Today in Christian History
The Council of Constance deposes scandalous Pope John XXIII (later numbered among the antipopes). When he receives notice of his deposition, he removes the papal cross from his room and says he regrets having been elected pope. He will be imprisoned for three years.
Constantinople, the capital of Eastern Christianity from A.D. 324, fell to the Turks. The city afterward became the capital of the Ottoman Empire and was renamed Istanbul. Its conquest marked the end of the Middle Ages.
Holy Roman Emperor Charles V procures a brief from Pope Paul III, setting aside a sentence against his favorite preacher, the Benedictine monk Alonso de Viru
John Penry, who has called for reform in the Church of England, is hanged as a traitor based on a satire he did not write and some notes criticizing Queen Elizabeth I.
Pioneer American Methodist bishop Francis Asbury wrote in his journal: 'Lord, keep me from all the superfluity of dress, and from preaching empty stuff to please the ear, instead of changing the heart.'
Samuel Stillman preaches a sermon titled "The Duty of Magistrates" before the General Court of Massachusetts, calling for a bill of rights for Massachusetts, separation of church and state, and the abolition of slavery. He declares that governments have no right to impose religious practices upon anyone.
Consecration in Trinity Church, New York, of Bishop Alexander Viets Griswold, of Massachusetts, an Evangelical, and Bishop John Henry Hobart, of New York, a High-churchman. The pair will do much to revitalize the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States.
Death in London of George Burder, an evangelical pastor and hymnwriter, who had taken part in founding the Religious Tract Society, the British and Foreign Bible Society, and London Missionary Society in addition to editing The Evangelical Magazine.
Birth of Charles W. Fry, the English musician who, along with his three sons, formed the first Salvation Army brass band. Fry also authored the hymn, "Lily of the Valley."
German Lutheran theologian and Nazi martyr Dietrich Bonhoeffer wrote in a letter: 'We are to find God in what we know, not in what we don't know; God wants us to realize His presence, not in unsolved problems, but in those that are solved.'
© 1987-2020, William D. Blake. Portions used by permission of the author, from "Almanac of the Christian Church"