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Today in Christian History
Constantinople, the capital of Eastern Christianity from A.D. 324, fell to the Turks. The city afterward became the capital of the Ottoman Empire and was renamed Istanbul. Its conquest marked the end of the Middle Ages.
John Penry, who has called for reform in the Church of England, is hanged as a traitor based on a satire he did not write and some notes criticizing Queen Elizabeth I.
Death in Bremen of Laurenti Laurentius, German Pietist hymnwriter who had been cantor and music director at the cathedral church of Bremen.
John Barnard preaches "The Throne Established by Righteousness" before the King's council and representatives in Masachussets, arguing that governments must have the consent of the governed and that government officials should respect church leaders - who in turn should support the government in maintaining order.
Pioneer American Methodist bishop Francis Asbury wrote in his journal: 'Lord, keep me from all the superfluity of dress, and from preaching empty stuff to please the ear, instead of changing the heart.'
Samuel Stillman preaches a sermon titled "The Duty of Magistrates" before the General Court of Massachusetts, calling for a bill of rights for Massachusetts, separation of church and state, and the abolition of slavery. He declares that governments have no right to impose religious practices upon anyone.
Consecration in Trinity Church, New York, of Bishop Alexander Viets Griswold, of Massachusetts, an Evangelical, and Bishop John Henry Hobart, of New York, a High-churchman. The pair will do much to revitalize the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States.
Birth of Charles W. Fry, the English musician who, along with his three sons, formed the first Salvation Army brass band. Fry also authored the hymn, "Lily of the Valley."
Honors student Samuel Zwemer is ordained in the Reformed Church of America. He will become a leading missionary to the Islamic world.
Following a beating by police in a Peruvian jail, Arturo Marin gives his heart to Christ. Later rearrested on mistaken identity, he serves his sentence in two of Peru's worst prisons, where he will lead many men to Christ. After his release, he will become a pastor with Heart Cry mission.
© 1987-2020, William D. Blake. Portions used by permission of the author, from "Almanac of the Christian Church"