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Today in Christian History
Death in Esztergom, Hungary, of St. Stephen, first king of Hungary. Baptized and reared a Christian, he had founded many monasteries and churches and sent Christian missionaries throughout his realm.
The armies of the First Crusade set out from Europe to deliver Jerusalem from the occupying forces of Islamic Turks. Championed by Peter the Hermit in 1093, Pope Urban II had sanctioned the crusade at the Council of Clermont in 1095.
Ignatius of Loyola founds "the company of Jesus," describing their organization as similar to that of fur traders but focused on God's will, not beaver skins. In 1540 it will gain the approval of the pope, who will name it the Society of Jesus. More often they will be known as "Jesuits."
Agnes Prest is burned to death at Southern Hay by Queen Mary's government because of her rejection of the Roman Catholic doctrine of transubstantiation.
Repose (death) of the venerable Gerasimus, a much-traveled ascetic, priest, and abbot of the Orthodox church.
Birth of Jeremy Taylor, Anglican clergyman and devotional writer. Two of his works became classic expressions of Anglican spirituality: "The Rule and Exercise of Holy Living" (1650) and "The Rule and Exercise of Holy Dying" (1651).
Father John Carroll is ordained by Bishop Charles Walmesley in Dorset, England, as the first Roman Catholic bishop of the United States. Eighteen years later he will become the nation's first archbishop.
Death of poet Julie Katharina von Hausmann near W
An All-Russian Church Council convenes in Moscow. It will restore the Patriarchial form of church government abolished by Peter the Great almost two hundred years earlier in 1721.
Latin American bishops issue the "Message of the Bishops of the Third World" denouncing structural oppression in society. It is part of the development of what is called "liberation theology."
© 1987-2020, William D. Blake. Portions used by permission of the author, from "Almanac of the Christian Church"