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Today in Christian History
The Bishop of Paris condemns Averroism through the efforts of Thomas Aquinas and other theologians. Averroism taught the eternality of the world, denied providence and free will, and set philosophy above faith and Scripture.
German reformer Martin Luther publicly burns Pope Leo X's bull Exsurge Domine, which demands that Luther recant his "heresies," including justification by faith alone.
Henry van Zutphen, an Augustinian monk who had become a Lutheran minister, is burned to death in Holstein by a drunken mob incited by religious and secular authorities.
Death of Polish-German reformer Kaspar Schwenkfeld, who rejected infant baptism, said that conversion must produce a regenerated character to be real, and taught that Christ had two natures but became progressively more divine. He also held that true believers eat the spiritual body of Christ in Communion.
Death in Wittenberg of Lutheran hymnwriter Paul Eber. Some of his hymns were written for his own children.
Italian archaeologist Antonio Bosio makes his first descent into Christian burial chambers located under the streets of Rome and is almost unable to find his way back out, having forgotten the turns he had taken and used up his candles. Bosio will be dubbed the "Columbus of the Catacombs," and his books will long remain the standard works on the underground tombs of the early Roman Church.
Two hundred and fifty seven defeated Scottish Covenanters are shipwrecked in the Crown of London off the coast of Scotland, their captors having earlier battened the hatches to prevent their escape. After the ship breaks up, only a few survivors reach shore.
Peru promulgates a constitution that makes Roman Catholicism the national religion and obligates the State to protect it, while denying the public exercise of any other religion.
"The Gift of the Magi," a short story by William Sydney Porter, 43, was first published. Known by his pen name, O. Henry, Porter's writings were characterized by trick endings, making him a master of short story telling.
Marriage of Ruth Magongo to Enoch Litswele. The two will serve as Nazarene missionaries and educators in various African countries, learning several languages in order to communicate with the tribes among whom they work and translating hymns into local tongues.
© 1987-2020, William D. Blake. Portions used by permission of the author, from "Almanac of the Christian Church"