Lectionary Calendar
Saturday, April 13th, 2024
the Second Week after Easter
Attention!
Tired of seeing ads while studying? Now you can enjoy an "Ads Free" version of the site for as little as 10¢ a day and support a great cause!
Click here to learn more!

Bible Lexicons

Gesenius Hebrew Grammer

Part 166

§166. Consecutive Clauses.

1. Consecutive clauses are added by means of simple wāw copulative with the jussive,[1] especially after negative and interrogative sentences, e.g. Numbers 23:19 לֹא אִישׁ אֵל וִיֽכַזֵּב וּבֶן־אָדָם וְיִתְנֶחָ֑ם‎ God is not a man, that he should lie, and (i.e. neither) the son of man, that he should repent; Isaiah 53:2 וְנֶחְמְדֵ֫הוּ‎; Hosea 14:10 מִי חָכָם וְיָבֵן אֵ֫לֶּה נָבוֹן וְיֵֽדָעֵם‎ who is wise, that he may understand these things? prudent, that he may know them? Job 5:12 וְלֹא‎=so that ... not; in Proverbs 30:3 וְ‎ is separated from the predicate by the object. In Genesis 16:10 a negative consecutive clause comes after a cohortative, and in Exodus 10:5 after a perfect consecutive.—On the other hand, in Job 9:32, 33 the jussive in the sense of a consecutive clause is attached without Wāw to the preceding negative sentence (in verse 32 a second jussive follows, likewise without Wāw, for he is not a man, as I am, that I should answer him, that we should come together in judgement). On the imperfect consecutive as expressing a logical consequence, see §111l; on the perfect consecutive as a consecutive clause after a participle, see §112n.

2. Conjunctions introducing consecutive clauses are again (see §157c, note 3) כִּי‎ and אֲשֶׁר‎=so that; especially again after interrogative sentences, according to §107u; cf. Numbers 16:11, כִּי‎ with the imperfect, that ye murmur; but in Genesis 20:10 with the perfect, in reference to an action already completed. On אֲשֶׁר‎ with the imperfect (or jussive) equivalent to so that, cf. further Genesis 13:16, Genesis 22:14; with perfect and imperfect, 1 Kings 3:12, with the demonstrative force clearly discernible, depending on לֵב‎; on אֲשֶׁר לֹא‎=ut non, cf. Deuteronomy 28:35, 1 Kings 3:8, 2 Kings 9:37.

On מִן‎ with a substantive or infinitive as the equivalent of a consecutive clause, see §119y.

Footnotes:
  1. That such examples as וִיֽכַזֵּב‎ are to be regarded as jussive is probable from the analogy of Hosea 14:10 and Job 9:33.
adsFree icon
Ads FreeProfile