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Bible Lexicons

Gesenius Hebrew Grammer

Part 56

§56. Quadriliterals.

On the origin of these altogether secondary formations cf. §30p. While quadriliteral nouns are tolerably numerous, only the following examples of the verb occur: (a) On the analogy of Piʿēl: כִּרְסֵם‎ imperfect, יְכַרְסְמֶ֫נָּה‎, Psalms 80:14 from כָּסַם‎, cf. גָּזַם‎. Passive רֻֽטֲפַשׁ‎, Job 33:25. Participle מְכֻרְבָּל‎ (cf. Aramaic כְּבַל‎), 1 Chronicles 15:27. It is usual also to include among the quadriliterals פַּרְשֵׁז‎ Job 26:9, as a perfect of Aramaic form with Pathaḥ not attenuated. It is more correctly, however, regarded, with Delitzsch, as the infinitive absolute of a Piʿlel formation, from פָּרַשׂ‎, with euphonic change of the first שׂ‎ to שׁ‎, and the second to ז‎. Moreover, the reading פַּרְשֵׂז‎ also is very well attested, and is adopted by Beer in the text of Job; cf. the Rem. on p. 48 of his edition.

(b) On the analogy of Hiphʿîl: הִשְׂמְאִיל‎, by syncope הִשְׂמִאיל‎ and הִשְׂמִיל‎ to turn to the left (denom. from שְׂמֹאל‎) Genesis 13:9, Isaiah 30:21, &c. On הֶֽאֶזְנִ֫יחוּ‎ cf. §53p.

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