Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
#753 - ἀρχιτέκτων
- a master builder, an architect, the superintendent in the erection of buildings
ἀρχι-τέκτων, ονος, ὁ,
1. chief-artificer, master-builder, director of works, τοῦ ὀρύγματος, τῆς γεφύρας, Hdt. 3.60, 4.87; opp. χειροτέχνης, Arist. Metaph. 981a30; opp. ἐργατικός, Pl. Plt. 259e; commissioner of works, IG 2.403, al., ib.9(1).694.145 (Corcyra), SIG 284.12 (Chios, from Erythrae), etc.; ἀ. τοῦ ναοῦ ib.494.3 (Delph.); ἀ. ἐπὶ τὰ ἱερά IG 2.404. pl., board of naval constructors, Arist. Ath. 46.1.
2. generally, author, contriver, E. Cyc. 477; ἀ. κύριος τῆς ἡδονῆς Alex. 149.2; ἀ. τῆς ἐπιβουλῆς D. 56.11; τοῦ τέλους Arist. EN 1152b2; τοὺς ταῖς διανοίαις ἀ. τινός those that direct activities by thought, Id. Pol. 1325b23.
II at Athens, manager of the state theatre and of the Dionysia, D. 18.28, IG 2.335.
ἀρχι -τέκτων , -ονος , ὁ
(< τέκτων ),
[in LXX: Isaiah 3:3 (H2796) Sirach 38:27. 2 Maccabees 2:29 *;]
a master-builder, architect: 1 Corinthians 3:10 (in Papyri of building contractors, MM, s.v.).†
The word occurs several times in the correspondence (middle iii/B.C.) of Cleon the architect in P Petr II. (= Witkowski,.2 nos. 1–10), e.g. 4 (1).1, 15 (2).2. In 42 (a).6 we read that one Theodorus, who had previously worked under Cleon (Θεόδωρον τὸν ὑπαρχιτέκτονα), was appointed Cleon’s successor. For the use of the corresponding verb in the inscriptions, cf. OGIS 39.2 (iii/B.C.) ἀρχιτεκτονήσ [αντα ] τὴν τριακοντήρη καὶ εἰκ [οσήρη ], al. This example shows that the word is wider than our ";architect"; In P Tebt II. 286.19 (A.D. 121–38) the editors translate ἐ ̣[κ ] τῆς τῶν ἀρτεκτόνων (l. ἀρχιτ.) πρ [ο ]σφωνήσεως, ";as the result of the declaration of the chief engineers"; with reference to a dispute regarding a house. The RV is of course shown to be right by the context in 1 Corinthians 3:10. It is worth while to remember that τέκτων in its turn is wider than ";carpenter.";
Other occurrences of ἀρχιτέκτων will be found in Syll 540.160 (ii/B.C.), a long inscription about the building of a temple, where the ἀ. has a ὑπαρχιτέκτων under him; 545.6, .26, 552.72, 588.217. etc. (all ii/B.C.); 653.90 (the Mysteries inscription from Andania, dated B.C. 91—in dialect); 248.8 (Delphi, iii/B.C.—dialect) ὁ ἀρχιτέκτων τοῦ ναοῦ, Cagnat I. 925 (iii/A.D.) of the designer of a tower, 926 of a well, etc.
[Supplemental from 1930 edition]
Add P Oxy XII. 1450.27 (A.D. 249–250), note.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
the Sixth Week after Easter