Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

#891 - ἄχρι

akh'-ree, akh'-rece
akin to (G206) (through the idea of a terminus)
Parts of Speech
  1. until, unto, etc.
Frequency Lists  
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἄχρι and ἄχρις

(v. sub fin.):

I Adv.

1. to the uttermost, τένοντε καὶ ὀστέα λᾶας ἀναιδὴς ἄχρις ἀπηλοίησεν Il. 4.522; ἀπὸ δ' ὀστέον ἄχρις ἄραξε 16.324, cf. 17.599.

2. after Hom., before Preps., ἄχρι εἰς Κοτύωρα X. An. 5.5.4; ἄ. ἐς ποταμόν Tab.Heracl. 1.17; ἄχρι πρὸς τὸν σκοπόν, πρὸς τὴν πόλιν, Luc. Nigr. 36, Herm. 24; ἄχρις ἐπ' ἄκνηστιν A.R. 4.1403; ἐπ' ὀστέον IG 12(7).115.9 (Amorgos); ἄχρι ἐπὶ πολὺ τῶν πλευρῶν Thphr. Char. 19.3; ἄχρις ἐς ἠῶ Q.S. 6.177; ἄχρι ὑπὸ τὴν πυγήν Luc. DMort. 27.4: less freq. after the Noun, ἐς τέλος ἄχρις Q.S. 2.617, cf. Nonn. D. 5.153, etc.: rarely c. acc., ἄχρι.. θρόνον ἦλθεν IG 14.2012 (Sulp. Max.): with an Adv., ἄχρι πόρρω still farther, Luc. Am. 12; ἄχρι δεῦρο S.E. M. 8.401.

II Pr with gen., even to, as far as,

1 of Time, until, ἄχρι μάλα κνέφαος until deep in the night, Od. 18.370; ἄχρι τῆς τήμερον ἡμέρας D. 9.28; ἀπὸ τῆς ἀρχῆς ἄχρι τῆς τελευτῆς Id. 18.179; ἄχρι γήρως Apollod.Com. 2; ἄχρι δὲ τούτου until then, Sol. 13.35; ἄχρι τοῦ νῦν Timostr. 1, Romans 8:22; ἄχρι νῦν Luc. Tim. 39, LXX Genesis 44:28; ἄχρι παντός continually, Plu. Cic. 6.

2. of Space, as far as, even to, ἄχρι τῆς ἐσόδου τοῦ ἱροῦ Hdt. 2.138 (who elsewh. has μέχρι) ; ἄ. τῆς ὁδοῦ IG 12.893; ἄ. τῆς πυλίδος SIG 2587.25; ἄ. τοῦ Πειραιῶς D. 18.301; ἔδακνεν ἄχρι τῆς καρδίας Com.Adesp. 475; ἄχρις ἥπατος Ti.Locr. 101a, cf. 100e; ἄχρι τῆς πόλεως D.H. 2.43; ἄ. τοῦ δεῦρο Gal. 10.676: after its case, ἰνίου ἄχρις Euph. 41.

3. of Measure or Degree, ἄχρι τούτου up to this point, D. 23.122; ἄχρι τοῦ μὴ πεινῆν X. Smp. 4.37; ἄχρι τοῦ θορυβῆσαι D. 8.77; ἄ. θανάτου Acts 22:4; ἄχρι τῆς πρὸς τὸν πλησίον δοξοκοπίας Polystr. p.19 W.

III as Conj., ἄχρι, ἄχρις with or without οὗ,

1 of Time, until, so long as, ἄχρι οὗ ὅδε ὁ λόγος ἐγράφετο X. HG 6.4.37; ἄχρις ὅτου Epigr.Gr. 314.24 (Smyrna); ἄχρι οὗ ἄν or ἄχρι ἄν with Subj., ἄχρι ἂν σχολάσῃ till he should be at leisure, X. An. 2.3.2; ἄχρις οὗ ἂν δοκέῃ Hp. Fist. 3; ἄχρις ἂν αἱ ἡμέραι παρέλθωσιν Id. Int. 40; ἄχρι ἂν ἔχῃ τὸ ἴδιον ἐντελές [ἡ ἱστορία ] Luc. Hist.Conscr. 9: without ἄν, ἄχρις ῥεύσῃ Bion 1.47; ἄχρι οὗ τελευτήσῃ (v.l. -σει) Hdt. 1.117; ἄχρι οὗ ἐπιλάμψῃ Plu. Aem. 17; ἄχρι ἄν, c. inf., Epist. Mithr. in SIG 741.37: c. inf. only, ἄχρις ἱκέσθαι ὀστέον Q.S. 4.361.

2. of Space, so far as, διώξας, ἄχρι οὗ ἀσφαλὲς ᾤετο εἶναι X. Cyr. 5.4.16: c. subj., αὐξάνεται εἰς μῆκος, ἄχρι οὗ δὴ ἐφίκηται τοῦ ἡλίου Thphr. HP 5.1.8; cf. μέχρι throughout. poets use ἄχρι or ἄχρις, as the metre requires: in Ion. μέχρι is preferred (v. supr.): but ἄχρι, -ις are more common in Hom. than μέχρι: the only Att. forms are ἄχρι, μέχρι, before both consonants and vowels, cf. Phryn. 6, Moer. 34; and so in Att. Inscrr. (where it is somewhat less freq. than μέχρι): ἄχρι ἄν with hiatus in IG 2.2729, Hegesipp.Com. 1.26; but ἄχρις Men. Sam. 179. Never in Trag. (ἄχρι, = ṃṃ-χρι, cf. μέχρι.)


(and Epic ἄχρις , bef. vowel (v. MM, s.v.), Romans 11:25 T, Galatians 3:19 T, WH, mg., Hebrews 3:13);

1. adv., utterly (Hom.).

2. Prep. c. gen., until, unto, as far as;

(a) of time Acts 3:21; Acts 22:22, Romans 1:13; Romans 5:13, 1 Corinthians 4:11, 2 Corinthians 3:14, Galatians 4:2, Philippians 1:6; . καιροῦ , Luke 4:13, Acts 13:11; . ἧς ἡμέρας , Matthew 24:38, Luke 1:20; Luke 17:27, Acts 1:2 (τῆς ἡ . ἧς ), Acts 1:22; . ταύτης τ . ἡμέρας (τ . . ταύτης ), Acts 2:29; Acts 23:1; Acts 26:22; . ἡμερων πέντε , Acts 20:6; . αὐγῆς , Acts 20:11; . τοῦ νῦν , Romans 8:22, Philippians 1:5; . τέλους , Hebrews 6:11, Revelation 2:26;

(b) of space: Acts 11:5; Acts 13:6; Acts 20:4 (R, txt., WH, mg.) Acts 28:15, 2 Corinthians 10:13-14, Hebrews 4:12, Revelation 14:20; Revelation 18:5;

(c) of measure or degree: . θανάτου , Acts 22:4, Revelation 2:10; Revelation 12:11.

3. As conj., until;

(a) ἄχρι alone: c. subj. aor., Galatians 3:19 ( . οὗ T, WH, mg.); id. without ἄν (Bl., § 65, 10), Revelation 7:3; Revelation 15:8; Revelation 20:3; Revelation 20:5; c. indic. fut., Revelation 17:17;

(b) . οὗ (i.e. .. τούτου ᾧ ): c. indic. aor., Acts 7:18; impf., Acts 27:33; c. subj. aor. (Bl., ut supr.), Luke 21:24, Romans 11:25, 1 Corinthians 11:26; 1 Corinthians 15:25, Galatians 3:19, T, WH, mg.; id. with ἄν , Revelation 2:25; c. indic. pres., while, Hebrews 3:13 (cf. μέχρι ).†

Vocabulary of the Greek NT

No example of ἄχρις has yet been produced from the Ptolemaic papyri. In the Roman period both forms are found, their usage being apparently determined as a rule by the same considerations of euphony as in the NT. For ἄχρι οὖ cf. P Oxy I. 104.18 (a will, A.D. 96) ἄχρι οὗ ἐκπληρώσωσι ἀργυρίου δραχμαὶ τριακόσιαι , BGU I. 19i. 5 (A.D. 135) ἄχρι οὗ γράψω τῷ κρατίστῳ ἡγεμόνι and P Oxy III. 507.30 (A.D. 169) ἄχρι οὗ ἀποδῶ σοι τὸ κεφάλαιον , etc. Without οὗ , cf. P Oxy III. 491.8 (A.D. 126) οὐ ]δ᾽ ἄλλως ̣ καταχρηματίζειν ἄχρι ἑκάτερος αὐτῶν πληρώσῃ ἔτη εἴκ [οσι πέντε , ib. IX. 1215 (ii/iii A.D.) (please come to me) ἄχρι τὰ πράγματα κατασταλῇ (illit. letter). For ἄχρις ἄν cf. BGU III. 830.13 (i/ A.D.) ἄχρις ἄν σοι ἔλθω , al. Ἄχρι of measure is illustrated by Ostr 1129.5 (A.D. 207) ἄχρι τοῦ ὀψωνίου , P Tebt II. 301.21 (A.D. 190) ἔσχον τούτου [τὸ ἴ ]σον ἄχρι ἐχετάσεως , ";I have received a copy of this for investigation"; (Edd.). With the phrase ἄχρι τον νῦν in Romans 8:22, Philippians 1:5, cf. BGU I. 256.9 (time of Antoninus Pius) μέχρ [ι ] τ [οῦ ] νῦν : ἄχρι is only an ablaut variant of μέχρι —see Brugmann–Thumb, p. 631.



The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
αχρι άχρι ἄχρι άχρις ἄχρις achri áchri achris áchris
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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