Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

#057 - ἄγνωστος

from (G1) (as negative particle) and (G1110)
Parts of Speech
  1. unknown, forgotten
Epimenides, a certain Cretan, came to Athens to stop a plague. Heoffered a sheep on alters the born no name of no god but to the"unknown god". At least one of the alters survived to Paul's day.
Frequency Lists  
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἄγνωστος, ον,


1. unknown, τινί Od. 2.175; unheard of, forgotten, Mimn 5.7; ἄ. ἐς γῆν E. IT 94; unfamiliar, Arist. Top. 149a5 (Comp.).

2. not to be known, ἄγνωστόν τινα τεύχειν Od. 13.191; πάντεσσι ib. 397; ἀγνωστστατοι γλῶσσαν most unintelligible in tongue, Th. 3.94.

3. not an object of knowledge, unknowable, ἄλογα καὶ ἄ. Pl. Tht. 202b; ἡ ὕλη ἄ. καθ' αὑτήν Arist. Metaph. 1036a9; in Comp., harder to know, ib. 995a2. Adv. -τως Procl. in Alc. p.52C.

4. as the name of a divinity at Athens, νὴ τὸν Ἄγνωστον Ps.- Luc. Philopatr. 9, cf. Acts 17:23; in pl., θεῶν.. ὀνομαζομένων ἀ. Paus. 1.1.4.

II Act., notknowing, ignorant of, ψευδέων Pi. O. 6.67 (v.l. ἄγνωτον), cf. Luc. Halc. 3. Adv. -τως inconsiderately, Phld. Lib. p.29 O.

** ἄγνωστος , -ον

(<γινώσκω ),

[in LXX: Wisdom of Solomon 11:18; Wisdom of Solomon 18:3, 2 Maccabees 1:19, 2 Maccabees 2:7 (Cremer, 157)*;]

unknown: Acts 17:23 (cf. MM, VGT, s.v.).†

Vocabulary of the Greek NT

Deissmann (St Paul, p. 261 ff.) supplies an interesting parallel to the Greek inscription which St Paul read on an altar at Athens, Acts 17:23 ἀγνώστῳ θεῷ, from a votive inscription, probably of ii/A.D., on an altar discovered at Pergamon in 1909. The inscription is mutilated, but may probably be restored as follows—

θεοῖς ἀγν [ώστοις ]

Καπίτω [ν ]

δᾳδοῦχο [ς ].

";To unknown gods Capito torchbearer."; See also P Giss I. 3.2 f. (A.D. 117) ἥκω σοι, ὦ δῆμ [ε ], οὐκ ἄγνωστος Φοῖβος θεός, where the description of Φοῖβος as οὐκ ἄγνωστος may be due, as the editor suggests, to the fact that he was the god of the special district in question. Cf. also BGU II. 590.6 (A.D. 177–8), where γεν ]ομένων ἀγνώστων ἡμεῖν refers to two (divine!) Caesars, Commodus and his great father. ";Agnostos Theos"; is the title of an elaborate monograph by E. Norden (Leipzig, 1913), in which he makes the Areopagus speech in Acts 17:1-34 the starting-point for a series of discussions on the history of the forms of religious speech.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ΑΓΝΩΣΤΩ αγνώστω ἀγνώστῳ αγονος άγονος AGNoSTo AGNŌSTŌ
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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