Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
#057 - ἄγνωστος
- unknown, forgotten
1. unknown, τινί Od. 2.175; unheard of, forgotten, Mimn 5.7; ἄ. ἐς γῆν E. IT 94; unfamiliar, Arist. Top. 149a5 (Comp.).
2. not to be known, ἄγνωστόν τινα τεύχειν Od. 13.191; πάντεσσι ib. 397; ἀγνωστστατοι γλῶσσαν most unintelligible in tongue, Th. 3.94.
3. not an object of knowledge, unknowable, ἄλογα καὶ ἄ. Pl. Tht. 202b; ἡ ὕλη ἄ. καθ' αὑτήν Arist. Metaph. 1036a9; in Comp., harder to know, ib. 995a2. Adv. -τως Procl. in Alc. p.52C.
4. as the name of a divinity at Athens, νὴ τὸν Ἄγνωστον Ps.- Luc. Philopatr. 9, cf. Acts 17:23; in pl., θεῶν.. ὀνομαζομένων ἀ. Paus. 1.1.4.
II Act., notknowing, ignorant of, ψευδέων Pi. O. 6.67 (v.l. ἄγνωτον), cf. Luc. Halc. 3. Adv. -τως inconsiderately, Phld. Lib. p.29 O.
** ἄγνωστος , -ον
[in LXX: Wisdom of Solomon 11:18; Wisdom of Solomon 18:3, 2 Maccabees 1:19, 2 Maccabees 2:7 (Cremer, 157)*;]
unknown: Acts 17:23 (cf. MM, VGT, s.v.).†
Deissmann (St Paul, p. 261 ff.) supplies an interesting parallel to the Greek inscription which St Paul read on an altar at Athens, Acts 17:23 ἀγνώστῳ θεῷ, from a votive inscription, probably of ii/A.D., on an altar discovered at Pergamon in 1909. The inscription is mutilated, but may probably be restored as follows—
θεοῖς ἀγν [ώστοις ]
Καπίτω [ν ]
δᾳδοῦχο [ς ].
";To unknown gods Capito torchbearer."; See also P Giss I. 3.2 f. (A.D. 117) ἥκω σοι, ὦ δῆμ [ε ], οὐκ ἄγνωστος Φοῖβος θεός, where the description of Φοῖβος as οὐκ ἄγνωστος may be due, as the editor suggests, to the fact that he was the god of the special district in question. Cf. also BGU II. 590.6 (A.D. 177–8), where γεν ]ομένων ἀγνώστων ἡμεῖν refers to two (divine!) Caesars, Commodus and his great father. ";Agnostos Theos"; is the title of an elaborate monograph by E. Norden (Leipzig, 1913), in which he makes the Areopagus speech in Acts 17:1-34 the starting-point for a series of discussions on the history of the forms of religious speech.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
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