Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

#18 - ἀγαθός

Transliteration
agathós
Phonetics
ag-ath-os'
Origin
a primary word
Parts of Speech
Adjective
TDNT
1:10,3
Definition
  1. of good constitution or nature
  2. useful, salutary
  3. good, pleasant, agreeable, joyful, happy
  4. excellent, distinguished
  5. upright, honourable
Strong #: 995 ‑ בִּין (bene);  1116 ‑ בּוּם (baw‑maw');  1880 ‑ דֶּשֶׁן (deh'‑shen);  2869 ‑ טָב (tawb);  2896 ‑ טוֹב (tobe);  3303 ‑ יָפֶה (yaw‑feh');  3477 ‑ יָשָׁר (yaw‑shawr');  3559 ‑ כּוּן (koon);  5228 ‑ נָכֹחַ (naw‑ko'‑akh);  6143 ‑ עִקְּשׁוּת (ik‑kesh‑ooth');  7060 ‑ קָמַל (kaw‑mal');  8003 ‑ שָׁלֵם (shaw‑lame');  8389 ‑ תֹּאַר (to'‑ar);  8615 ‑ תִּקְוָה (tik‑vaw');  
Frequency Lists  
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἀγᾰθός

[ᾰγ], ή, όν, Lacon. ἀγασός Ar. Lys. 1301, Cypr. ἀζαθός GDI 57:

good:

I of persons,

1. well-born, gentle, opp. κακός, δειλός, οἷά τε τοῖς ἀγαθοῖσι παραδρώωσι χέρηες Od. 15.324, cf. Il. 1.275; ἀφνειός τ' ἀ. τε Il. 13.664, cf. Od. 18.276; πατρὸς δ' εἴμ' ἀγαθοῖο, θεὰ δέ με γείνατο μήτηρ Il. 21.109, cf. Od. 4.611; κακὸς ἐξ ἀ. Thgn. 190, cf. 57 sq.; πραῢς ἀστοῖς, οὐ φθονέων ἀγαθοῖς Pi. P. 3.71, cf. 2.96, 4.285; τίς ἂν εὔπατρις ὧδε βλάστοι; οὐδεὶς τῶν ἀ. κτλ. S. El. 1082; οἵ τ' ἀ. πρὸς τῶν ἀγενῶν κατανικῶνται Id. Fr. 84; τοὺς εὐγενεῖς γὰρ κἀγαθοὺς.. φιλεῖ Ἄρης ἐναίρειν ib. 649, cf. E. Alc. 600, al.: ἀγαθοὶ καὶ ἐξ ἀγαθῶν Pl. Phdr. 274a: in political sense, aristocrats, esp. in the phrase καλοὶ κἀγαθοί (v. sub καλοκἀγαθός).

2. brave, valiant, since courage was attributed to Chiefs and Nobles, Il. 1.131, al.; τῷ κ' ἀγαθὸς μὲν ἔπεφν', ἀγαθὸν δέ κεν ἐξενάριξεν 21.280; cf. Hdt. 5.109, etc.

3. good, capable, in reference to ability, ἀ. βασιλεύς Il. 3.179; ἰητήρ 2.732; θεράπων 16.165, 17.388; πύκτης Xenoph. 2.15; ἰητρός Hp. Prog. 1; προβατογνώμων A. Ag. 795; ἄρχοντες Democr. 266: freq. with qualifying words, ἀ. ἐν ὑσμίνῃ Il. 13.314; βοὴν ἀ. 2.408, 563, al.; πύξ Od. 11.300; βίην Il. 6.478; γνώμην S. OT 687; πᾶσαν ἀρετήν Pl. Lg. 899b, cf. Alc. 1.124e; τέχνην Id. Prt. 323b; τὰ πολέμια, τὰ πολιτικά, Hdt. 9.122, Pl. Grg. 516b, etc.: more rarely c. dat., ἀ. πολέμῳ X. Oec. 4.15: with Preps., ἄνδρες ἀ. περὶ τὸ πλῆθος Lys. 13.2; εἴς τι Pl. Alc. 1.125a; πρός τι Id. R. 407e: c. inf., ἀ. μάχεσθαι Hdt. 1.136; ἱππεύεσθαι 1.79; ἀ. ἱστάναι good at weighing, Pl. Prt. 356b.

4. good, in moral sense, first in Thgn. 438, cf. Heraclit. 104, S. El. 1082, X. Mem. 1.7.1, Pl. Ap. 41d, etc.; ψυχῆς ἀγαθῆς πατρὶς ὁ ξύμπας κόσμος Democr. 247: freq. with other Adjs., ὁ πιστὸς κἀ. S. Tr. 541; δικαίων κἀ. ib. 1050: ironical, τὸν ἀ. Κρέοντα Id. Ant. 31.

5. ὦ ἀγαθέ, my good friend, as a term of gentle remonstrance, Pl. Prt. 311a, etc.

6. ἀ. δαίμων, v. sub δαίμων; ἀ. τύχη, v. sub τύχη; ἀ. θεός = Lat. bona dea, Plu. Caes. 9, Cic. 19.

II of things,

1 good, serviceable, Ἰθάκη.. ἀ. κουροτρόφος Od. 9.27, etc.; ἀ. τοῖς τοκεῦσι, τῇ πόλει X. Cyn. 13.17: c. gen., εἴ τι οἶδα πυρετοῦ ἀ. good for it, Id. Mem. 3.8.3; ἑλκῶν Thphr. HP 9.11.1.

2. of outward circumstances, αἰδὼς οὐκ ἀ. κεχρημένῳ ἀνδρὶ παρεῖναι Od. 17.347; εἰπεῖν εἰς ἀγαθόν to good purpose, Il. 9.102; ὁ δὲ πείσεται εἰς ἀ. περ for his own good end, 11.789; οὐκ ἀγαθὸν πολυκοιρανίη 2.204: — ἀγαθόν [ἐστι ], c. inf., it is good to do so and so[*] Il. 7.282, 24.130, Od. 3.196, etc.

3. morally good, πρῆξις Democr. 177; ἔργα Emp. 112.2, cf. Romans 2:7, etc.

4. ἀγαθόν, τό, good, blessing, benefit, of persons or things, ὦ μέγα ἀ. σὺ τοῖς φίλοις X. Cyr. 5.3.20; φίλον, ὃ μέγιστον ἀ. εἶναί φασι Id. Mem. 2.4.2, cf. Ar. Ra. 74, etc; as term of endearment for a baby, blessing!, treasure!, Men. Sam. 28: — ἀγαθόν τινα δεδρακέναι, πεποιηκέναι confer a benefit on.., Th. 3.68, Lys. 13.92; ἐπ' ἀγαθῷ τινος for one's good, Th. 5.27, X. Cyr. 7.4.3; ἐπ' ἀ. τοῖς πολίταις Ar. Ra. 1487; οὐκ ἐπ' ἀ. for no good end, Th. 1.131; ἐπ' οὐδενὶ ἀ. τῆς Ἑλλάδος X. HG 5.2.35: in pl., ἡ ἐπ' ἀγαθοῖς γεναμένη (sic) κατασπορά PFlor. 21.10 (iii A.D.): — τὸ ἀ. or τἀ., the good, Epich. 171.5, cf. Pl. R. 506b, 508e, Arist. Metaph. 1091a31, etc.: in pl., ἀγαθά, τά, goods of fortune, treasures, wealth, Hdt. 2.172, Lys. 13.91, X. Mem. 1.2.63, etc.; ἀγαθὰ πράττειν fare well, Ar. Av. 1706; also, good things, dainties, Thgn. 1000, Ar. Ach. 873, etc.: good qualities, τοῖς ἀ., οἷς ἔχομεν ἐν τῇ ψυχῇ Isoc. 8.32, cf. Democr. 37; good points, of a horse, εἰ τἄλλα πάντα ἀ. ἔχοι, κακόπους δ' εἴη X. Eq. 1.2.

III Comp. and Sup. are usu. supplied from other stems, viz. Comp. ἀμείνων, ἀρείων[] βελτίων, κρείσσων (κάρρων), λωΐων (λὥων), βέλτερος, λωΐτερος, φέρτερος: — Sup. ἄριστος, βέλτιστος, κράτιστος, λώϊστος (λῷστος), βέλτατος, κάρτιστος, φέρτατος, φέριστος: — later, reg. Comp. ἀγαθώτερος LXX Jd. 11.25, LXX Jd. 15.2, D.S. 8 Fr. 12, Plot. 5.5.9, Diod.Rh. p.53.9H.: Sup. ἀγαθώτατος D.S. 16.85, Hld. 5.15, etc. (-ότατος POxy. 1757.26 (ii A.D.)). Adv. usually εὖ, q.v.: ἀγαθῶς Hp. Off. 9, Arist. Rh. 1388b6, LXX 1 Kings 20:7. (Etym. dub. (ὅτι ἄγει ἡμᾶς ἐπὶ τὸν ὀρθὸν βίον Stoic. 3.49); perh. cognate with ἄγαμαι, hence admirable.)

ἀγαθός , - , -όν ,

[in LXX chiefly for H2869;]

in general, good, in physical and in moral sense, used of persons, things, acts, conditions, etc., applied to that which is regarded as "perfect in its kind, so as to produce pleasure and satisfaction, ... that which, in itself good, is also at once for the good and the advantage of him who comes in contact with it" (Cremer, 3): γῆ , Luke 8:8; δένδρον , Matthew 7:18; καρδία , Luke 8:15; δόσίς , James 1:17; μερίς , Luke 10:42; ἔργον (freq. in P1.), Philippians 1:6; ἐλπίς , 2 Thessalonians 2:16; θησαυρός , Matthew 12:35; μνεία , 1 Thessalonians 3:6 (cf. 2 Maccabees 7:20); as subst., τό ἀ ., that which is morally good, beneficial, acceptable to God, Romans 12:2; έργάζεσθαι τό ἀ ., Romans 2:10, Ephesians 4:28; πράσσειν , Romans 9:11, 2 Corinthians 5:10; διώκειν , 1 Thessalonians 5:13; μιμεῖσθαι , 3 John 1:11; κολλᾶσθαι τῷ ἀ ., Romans 12:9; ἐρωτᾶν περί τοῦ ἀ ., Matthew 19:17; διάκονος είς τό ἀ ., Romans 13:4; τό ἀ . σου , thy favour, benefit, Philemon 1:14; pl., τὰ ἀ ., of goods, possessions, Luke 12:18; of spiritual benefits, Romans 10:15, Hebrews 9:11 Hebrews 10:1. . is opp. to πονηρός , Matthew 5:45 Matthew 20:15; κακός , Romans 7:19; φαῦλος , Romans 9:11, 2 Corinthians 5:10 (cf. MM, VGT, s.v.).

SYN.: καλός G2570, δίκαιος G1342. κ . properly refers to goodliness as manifested in form: . to inner excellence (cf. the cl. καλὸς G2570 κἀγαθὸς and ἐν καρδίᾳ G2588 κ . καί ἀ ., Luke 8:15). In Romans 5:7, where it is contrasted with δ ., . implies a kindliness and attractiveness not necessarily possessed by the δίκαιος , who merely measures up to a high standard of rectitude (cf. ἀγαθωσύνη G19).


Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The comparative βελτίων (in the LXX about 20 times for the commoner κρείσσων) occurs in the fragmentary P Petr III. 42 H (8) f.15 (middle of iii/B.C.) ( = Witkowski Epp..2, p. 16). In a votive inscription discovered at Cos (Paton and Hicks, 92), Nero is described as ἀγαθὸς θεός (cf. Deissmann LAE, p. 349). For ἀγαθὸς δαίμων, see 57 in the same collection ( = CIG 2510)—Τύχᾳ Ἀγαθᾷ καὶ Ἀγαθῷ Δαίμονι καὶ τῶ (ι) δάμω (ι), etc., etc. One other phrase is worth quoting : P Oxy II. 298.14 (i/A.D.) ἐὰν ἐπ᾽ ἀγαθῷ παραγένῃ, ";if you arrive happily,"; ib. III. 531.6 (ii/A.D.) ἕως ἐπ᾽ ἀγαθῷ πρὸς σὲ παραγένομαι, BGU III. 835.19 f. (beginning of iii/A.D.) εἰς τὴν ἐπ᾽ [ ]γαθοῖς γεναμένης κατασποράν, P Flor I. 21.10 (A.D. 239) al. The neuter pl., as in Luke 12:19, may be illustrated by P Ryl I. 28.182 (iv/A.D.) ποὺς δεξιὸς ἐὰν ἅλληται, δεσπότης ἔσται πολλῶν ἀγαθῶν καὶ κτημάτων, ";if the right foot quiver, the man will be master of many blessings and possessions"; (Ed.).

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
αγαθα αγαθά ἀγαθά ἀγαθὰ αγαθαί αγαθας αγαθάς ἀγαθάς αγαθε αγαθέ ἀγαθέ ἀγαθὲ αγαθη αγαθή ἀγαθή ἀγαθὴ ἀγαθῇ αγαθην αγαθήν ἀγαθήν ἀγαθὴν αγαθης αγαθής ἀγαθῆς αγαθοί αγαθοις αγαθοίς ἀγαθοῖς αγαθον αγαθόν ἀγαθόν ἀγαθὸν αγαθος αγαθός αγάθος ἀγαθός ἀγαθὸς αγαθου αγαθού ἀγαθοῦ αγαθους αγαθούς ἀγαθούς ἀγαθοὺς αγαθύναι αγαθυνάτω αγαθυνεί αγαθύνης αγαθυνθέντων αγαθυνθή αγαθυνθήσεται αγαθυνθήτω αγάθυνον αγαθω αγαθώ ἀγαθῷ αγαθων αγαθών ἀγαθῶν αγαθώς αγαθώσαι ηγάθυνας ηγαθύνθη agatha agathá agathà agathas agathás agathe agathé agathè agathē agathḗ agathḕ agathêi agathē̂i agathen agathēn agathḗn agathḕn agathes agathês agathēs agathē̂s agatho agathō agathôi agathō̂i agathois agathoîs agathon agathón agathòn agathôn agathōn agathō̂n agathos agathós agathòs agathou agathoû agathous agathoús agathoùs
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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