Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

#194 - ἄκρατος

Transliteration
ákratos
Phonetics
ak'-rat-os
Origin
from (G1) (as a negative particle) and a presumed derivative of (G2767)
Parts of Speech
Adjective
TDNT
None
Definition
  1. unmixed, pure
Strong #: 2534 ‑ חֵמָה (khay‑maw', khay‑maw');  2562 ‑ חֲמַר (kham‑ar');  
Frequency Lists  
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἄκρᾱτος, Ion. ἄκρητος, ον: (κεράννυμι):

I

1 of liquids, unmixed, neat, esp. of wine, Od. 24.73; ἄκρητοι σπονδαί drink-offerings of pure wine, Il. 2.341, 4.159; οἶνος πάνυ ἄ. very strong, X. An. 4.5.27; οἶνος ἄκρητος wine without water, Hdt. 1.207, etc.; ἄκρατος (without οἶνος) Ar. Eq. 105, etc.; ὁ πολὺς ἄ. ὁλίγ' ἀναγκάζει φρονεῖν Men. 779, cf. Call. Epigr. 43, Phoen. 3.3; ἄκρατον, τό, Arist. Po. 1461a15; γάλα Od. 9.297; αἷμα A. Ch. 578, etc.(without αἷμα Hp. Epid. 1.26. ά); χυμός Hp. VM 14; ὑποχωρήσιες Id. Aph. 7.6; διάρροια Th. 2.49. Adv. -τως Hp. Prorrh. 2.24 (-κρίτως Littre).

2. of any objects, ἄ. σώματα pure, simple bodies, Pl. Ti. 57c; ἄ. χρῶμα Hp. Acut. 42; ἄ. μέλαν pure black, Thphr. Col. 26; ἄ. νύξ Ael. Fr. 262, cf. NA 12.33; ἄ. σκότος Plu. Nic. 21; ἄ. σκιά Id. 2.932b.

3. of qualities, pure, absolute, ἄ. νοῦς X. Cyr. 8.7.20; πῶς.. ἡ ἄ. δικαιοσύνη πρὸς ἀδικίαν τὴν ἄ. ἔχει Pl. R. 545a, cf. 491e. Adv. -τως Lg. 731d.

4. of conditions or states, pure, untempered, absolute, ἐλευθερία, ἡδονή, R. 562d, Lg. 793a; ὀλιγαρχία Arist. Pol. 1273b37, etc.; παρρησία Demad. 18; νόμων ἀποτομία POxy. 237 vii 40 (ii A. D.); ἄ. νόμος absolute law, Pl. Lg. 723a; ἄ. ψεῦδος sheer lie, Id. R. 382c. Adv. ἀκράτως absolutely, entirely, ἀ. μέλας, λευκός, Ael. NA 16.11, Luc. DMar. 1.3.

5. of persons, intemperate, violent, ἄ. ὀργήν A. Pr. 678; of sleep, ἄ. ἐλθέ come with all thy power, E. Cyc. 602.

6. of feelings, ἄ. ὀργή Alcid. ap. Arist. Rh. 1406a10; ἵμερος S. Fr. 941; ἄ. καῦμα AP 9.71 (Antiphil.); φόβος EM 621.13; τὸ τῆς δεισιδαιμονίας ἄ. J. BJ 2.9.3, etc.

II Comp. ἀκρατέστερος, Ion. ἀκρητ- (asiffr. ἀκρατής) Hp. VM 5, Hyp. Dem.Fr.(b), Arist. Pr. 871a16, Thphr. Od. 24: Sup. ἀκρατέστατος Pl. Phlb. 53a: but ἀκρατότερος Plu. 2.677c.

ἄκρατος , -ον

(< κεράννυμι ),

[in LXX: Psalms 75:8 (H2562), Jeremiah 25:15 (H2534), 3 Maccabees 5:2*];

unmixed, pure: οἶνος , Revelation 14:10.†


Vocabulary of the Greek NT

P Oxy II. 237vii. 40 (A.D. 186) παρ᾽ οἷς ἄκρατός ἐστιν ἡ τῶν ν [ ]μων ἀποτομ ̣[ ]α, ";amongst whom the severity of the law is untempered"; (Edd.). It is said to mean ";undiluted"; in MGr : cf. Od. ix. 297 ἄκρητον γάλα.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ακρατου ακράτου ἀκράτου ακριβασμοί ακριβασμόν akratou akrátou
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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