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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
#208 - ἀκυρόω
- to render void, deprive of force and authority
1. cancel, set aside, ψήφισμα, δόγμα, Din. 1.63, D.S. 16.24; ὀφειλήματα SIG 742.30 (Pass., Ephesus), cf. Str. 8.4.10 (Pass., D.H. 2.72, BGU 1053 ii 14 (i B. C.).
2. set at naught, treat as of no effect, LXX [*] Es. 6.32; λόγον θεοῦ Matthew 15:6, cf. J. AJ 18.8.8. reject, deny the validity of, Phld. Sign. 30.
3. metaph., render powerless, τῷ λογισμῷ τὸν τῶν παθῶν οἶστρον LXX 4 Maccabees 2:3.
**† ἀκυρόω , -ῶ
(< κῦρος , authority),
[in LXX: 1 Esdras 6:32; *;]
to revoke, invalidate (MM, VGT, s.v.): Matthew 15:6, Mark 7:13, Galatians 3:17 (Plut.).†
The adjective ἄκυρος is common in legal phraseology (e.g. it comes quarter in the Ptolemaic Hibeh papyri). It occurs in the new Median parchment, P Saїd Khan 1a. .23 (B.C. 88) ὃς ἂν δὲ ἐγβάλῃ κτλ . [ἔ ]στω ἄκυρος applied to a person, whose action is voided by illegality, a classical use. In the second parchment (B.C. 22) τήν τε ἀθέτησιν εἶναι αὐτὴν ἄκυρον , it has its normal Hellenistic force. Ἀκύρωσις goes with ἀθέτησις (see s.v.), or is used by itself, especially in the phrase εἰς ἀκύρωσιν of a will or an I.O.U. received back to be cancelled : so P Oxy I. 107 .4 f. (A.D. 123) ἀνέλαβον παρὰ σοῦ εἰς ἀκύρωσιν , ib. III. 490 .3 f. (A.D. 124) πρὸς ἀκύρωσιν ἄγειν τήνδε τὴν διαθήκην , ";to revoke this will."; The verb occurs in the same sense P Oxy III. 491.3 (A.D. 126), 494.4 (A.D. 156), 495.3 (A.D. 181–9), etc. : cf. Syll 329.30 (i/B.C.) ἠκυρῶσθαι τὰς κ [α ]τ᾽ αὐτῶν ἐκγραφὰς καὶ ὀφειλήμ [ατα ].
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the Sixth Week after Easter