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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

#266 - ἁμαρτία

Transliteration
hamartía
Phonetics
ham-ar-tee'-ah
Origin
from (G264)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
TDNT
1:267,44
Definition
  1. equivalent to 264
    1. to be without a share in
    2. to miss the mark
    3. to err, be mistaken
    4. to miss or wander from the path of uprightness and honour, to do or go wrong
    5. to wander from the law of God, violate God's law, sin
  2. that which is done wrong, sin, an offence, a violation of the divine law in thought or in act
  3. collectively, the complex or aggregate of sins committed either by a single person or by many
Strong #: 817 ‑ אָשָׁם (aw‑shawm');  1870 ‑ דֶּרֶךְ (deh'‑rek);  2248 ‑ חֲבוּלָה (khab‑oo‑law');  2398 ‑ חָטָא (khaw‑taw');  2403 ‑ חַטָּאָה (khat‑taw‑aw', khat‑tawth');  2483 ‑ חֳלִי (khol‑ee');  2932 ‑ טֻמְאָה (toom‑aw');  4284 ‑ מַחֲשֶׁבֶת (makh‑ash‑aw‑baw', makh‑ash‑eh'‑beth);  4878 ‑ מְשֻׁבָה (mesh‑oo‑baw', mesh‑oo‑baw');  5771 ‑ עָווֹן (aw‑vone', aw‑vone');  5931 ‑ עִלָּה (il‑law');  5949 ‑ עֲלִלָה (al‑ee‑law', al‑ee‑law');  6586 ‑ פָּשַׁע (paw‑shah');  6588 ‑ פֶּשַׁע (peh'‑shah);  7200 ‑ רָאָה (raw‑aw');  7561 ‑ רָשַׁע (raw‑shah');  8441 ‑ תּוֹעֵבָה (to‑ay‑baw', to‑ay‑baw');  
Frequency Lists  
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἁμαρτ-ία, ἡ,

1. a failure, fault, τῶνδ' ἁ. δόμων A. Ag. 1197, etc.; οὐ τῇ ἑαυτοῦ ἁμαρτίᾳ χρῆσθαι Antipho 4.3.4; ἁ. δόξης error of judgement, Th. 1.32.

2. in Philos. and Religion, guilt, sin, Pl. Lg. 660c, al., Arist. EN 1148a3, al., LXX Genesis 18:20, al., John 8:46,al.

ἁμαρτία , -ας ,

(< αμαρτάνω , q.v.),

[in LXX chiefly for H2403 and cogn. forms, also for H5771, H6586, etc.;]

prop, a missing the mark; in cl. (v. reff. to OR in MM, VGT, s.v.);

(a) guilt, sin (Flat., Arist., al.);

(b) more freq., from Æsch. down, a fault, failure. In NT (as LXX) always in ethical sense;

1. as a principle and quality of action, = τὸ ἁμαρτάνειν , a sinning, sin: Romans 5:12-13; Romans 5:20; ὑφ᾽ ἁμαρτίαν εἶναι , Romans 3:9; ἐπιμένειν τῆ ἁ ., Romans 6:1; ἀποθνήσκειν , νεκρὸν εἶναι τῇ ἁ ., Romans 6:2; Romans 6:11; τὴν ἁ . γινώσκειν , Romans 7:7; σῶμα τῆς ἁ ., Romans 6:6; ἀπάτη τῆς ἁ ., Hebrews 3:13; personified as a ruling principle, . βασιλεύει , κυριεύει , etc., Romans 5:21; Romans 6:12; Romans 6:14; Romans 7:17; Romans 7:20; δουλεύειν τῇ ἁ ., Romans 6:6; δοῦλος τῆς ἁ ., Romans 6:17; νόμος τῆς ἁ ., Romans 7:23; Romans 8:2; δύναμις τῆς ἁ , 1 Corinthians 15:56 (cf. Genesis 4:7).

2. As a generic term (disting. fr. the specific terms ἁμάρτημα , q.v., etc.) for concrete wrongdoing, violation of the divine law, sin: John 8:46, James 1:15, al.; ποιεῖν (τὴν ) ., John 8:34, 2 Corinthians 11:7, 1 John 3:8; ἔχειν ἁ ., John 9:41; John 15:22; John 15:24; John 19:11, 1 John 1:8; in pl. ἁμλαρτίαι , sin in the aggregate, 1 Thessalonians 2:16 (v. Milligan, in l); ποιεῖν ἁμλαρτίας , James 5:15; πλῆθος ἁμαρτίῶν , James 5:20, 1 Peter 4:8; ἄφεσις ἀμαρτιῶν , Matthew 26:28, Mark 1:4, al.; ἐν ἁμαρτίαις εῖναι , 1 Corinthians 15:17; collectively, αἴρειν τὴν ἁ . τ . κόσμου , John 1:29; ἀποθνήσκειν ἐν τῇ ἁ ., John 8:21.

3. = ἁμάρτημα , a sinful deed, a sin: Matthew 12:31, Acts 7:60, 1 John 5:16,

SYN.: v.s. ἁμάρτημα G265.


Vocabulary of the Greek NT

In an inscription of Cyzicus territory (JHS xxvii. (1907) p. 63), which F. W. Hasluck supposes to belong to iii/B.C., we find ἁμαρτίαν μετανόει , and the word is also found in the interesting Syll 63314 ff. (ii/A.D.) which illustrates so many NT words, ὃς ἄν [sic leg.] δὲ πολυπραγμονήσῃ τὰ τοῦ θεοῦ ἢ περιεργάσηται , ἁμαρτίαν ὀφιλέτω Μηνὶ Τυράννωι , ἣν οὐ μὴ δύνηται ἐξειλάσασθαι . See also P Lips I. 119 recto3 (A.D. 274) . . . τ ]ῶν ἁμαρτιω ̣̑[ν ] τ ̣ὰς πονηρίας συνεχῶ [ς ἀ ]νορθουμένων , P Oxy VIII. 111911 (A.D. 254) αὐτὸς ὑπέσχετο ἀντὶ τῆς ἁμα ]ρτίας , ἀγνοίας π ̣ρ ̣[ ]ϕ ̣α ̣σιν ὑποτειμησάμενος , ὑποστήσεσθαι τ ̣ο ̣, [με ]τὰ τοῦτ ̣ο τὰς λειτουργίας . On the Greek conception of ἁμαρτία see CR xxv. pp. 195–7, and xxiv. pp. 88, 234.

 

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
αμαρτια αμαρτία ἁμαρτία ἁμαρτίᾳ αμαρτιαι αμαρτίαι ἁμαρτίαι αμαρτιαις αμαρτίαις ἁμαρτίαις αμαρτιαν αμαρτίαν ἁμαρτίαν αμαρτιας αμαρτίας ἁμαρτίας αμαρτιων αμαρτιών ἁμαρτιῶν amartia amartiai amartiais amartian amartias amartion amartiōn hamartia hamartía hamartiai hamartíai hamartíāi hamartiais hamartíais hamartian hamartían hamartias hamartías hamartion hamartiôn hamartiōn hamartiō̂n
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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