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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
#347 - ἀνακλίνω
- to lean against, lean upon
- to lay down
- to make or bid to recline
poet. ἀγκλ-, (v. κλίνω)
1. lean one thing upon another, [ τόξον] ποτὶ γαίῃ ἀγκλίνας having laid it on the ground, Il. 4.113; Ἔρως ἀνακλίνας τοῦ τόξου τὸν πῆχυν Philostr. Im. 2.1; ἀ. ἑαυτοὺς ἐπὶ τὸ ἐναντίον, of sailors struggling against the wind, Arist. Mech. 851b13; cause to recline at table, Plb. 31.4.5, Luke 12:37 : — mostly in Pass., lie, sink, or lean back, recline, ἀνακλινθεὶς πέσεν ὕπτιος Od. 9.371; of persons asleep, 18.189; of rowers, 13.78; of the elephant, Arist. HA 498a11; to be strung, of strings of lyre, Philostr. Im. 1.10.
2. Pass., of ground, lie sloping upwards, Gp. 2.3.1.
II push or put back, and so, open, θύρην ἀγκλίνας Od. 22.156; so of the door of Olympus, ἠμὲν ἀνακλῖναι πυκινὸν νέφος ἠδ' ἐπιθεῖναι Il. 5.751, cf. Call. Revelation 6:1-17; τὴν θύρην τὴν καταπηκτὴν ἀ., i. e. the trap-door, Hdt. 5.16.
III throw the head back, and so, lift up, τὴν τῆς ψυχῆς αὐγήν Pl. R. 540a. overthrow, of earthquake, compared to batteringram, Paus. 7.24.10.
The NT writers use ἀνακλίνεσθαι, ";to recline at a table,"; instead of the classical παρα - and κατα -κλίνεσθαι, in a way which suggests that this usage was characteristic of the common speech, though we are unable to illustrate it. Sir W. M. Ramsay has drawn our attention to the fact that in the anti-Christian Society of Tekmoreioi at Pisidian Antioch the President was πρωτανακλίτης, who sits in the chief place at table, and he takes this as an indication that the ritual feast was moulded on the Eucharist. For such imitations as marking the pagan reaction about A.D. 304–13, see his Pauline and other Studies, p. 103 ff.
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