Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

#347 - ἀνακλίνω

from (G303) and (G2827)
Parts of Speech
  1. to lean against, lean upon
    1. to lay down
    2. to make or bid to recline
Frequency Lists  
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


poet. ἀγκλ-, (v. κλίνω)


1. lean one thing upon another, [ τόξον] ποτὶ γαίῃ ἀγκλίνας having laid it on the ground, Il. 4.113; Ἔρως ἀνακλίνας τοῦ τόξου τὸν πῆχυν Philostr. Im. 2.1; ἀ. ἑαυτοὺς ἐπὶ τὸ ἐναντίον, of sailors struggling against the wind, Arist. Mech. 851b13; cause to recline at table, Plb. 31.4.5, Luke 12:37 : mostly in Pass., lie, sink, or lean back, recline, ἀνακλινθεὶς πέσεν ὕπτιος Od. 9.371; of persons asleep, 18.189; of rowers, 13.78; of the elephant, Arist. HA 498a11; to be strung, of strings of lyre, Philostr. Im. 1.10.

2. Pass., of ground, lie sloping upwards, Gp. 2.3.1.

II push or put back, and so, open, θύρην ἀγκλίνας Od. 22.156; so of the door of Olympus, ἠμὲν ἀνακλῖναι πυκινὸν νέφος ἠδ' ἐπιθεῖναι Il. 5.751, cf. Call. Revelation 6:1-17; τὴν θύρην τὴν καταπηκτὴν ἀ., i. e. the trap-door, Hdt. 5.16.

III throw the head back, and so, lift up, τὴν τῆς ψυχῆς αὐγήν Pl. R. 540a. overthrow, of earthquake, compared to batteringram, Paus. 7.24.10.

** ἀνα -κλίνω ,

[in LXX: 3 Maccabees 5:16 *;]

to lay upon, lean against, hence,

(a) to lay down: Luke 2:7;

(b) to make to recline: Mark 6:39, WH, mg., Luke 12:37. Pass., to lie back, recline: Matthew 8:11; Matthew 14:19, Luke 13:29.†

SYN.: ἀνάκειμαι G345 (q.v.), ἀναπίπτω G377.

Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The NT writers use ἀνακλίνεσθαι, ";to recline at a table,"; instead of the classical παρα - and κατα -κλίνεσθαι, in a way which suggests that this usage was characteristic of the common speech, though we are unable to illustrate it. Sir W. M. Ramsay has drawn our attention to the fact that in the anti-Christian Society of Tekmoreioi at Pisidian Antioch the President was πρωτανακλίτης, who sits in the chief place at table, and he takes this as an indication that the ritual feast was moulded on the Eucharist. For such imitations as marking the pagan reaction about A.D. 304–13, see his Pauline and other Studies, p. 103 ff.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ανακλιθηναι ανακλιθήναι ἀνακλιθῆναι ανακλιθησονται ανακλιθήσονται ἀνακλιθήσονται ανακλίθητε ανακλίναι ἀνακλῖναι ανακλινει ανακλινεί ἀνακλινεῖ ανακλίσει ανακλιτόν ανεκλίθη ανέκλιναν ανεκλινεν ανέκλινεν ἀνέκλινεν anaklinai anaklînai anaklinei anaklineî anaklithenai anaklithênai anaklithēnai anaklithē̂nai anaklithesontai anaklithēsontai anaklithḗsontai aneklinen anéklinen
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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