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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

#395 - ἀνατολή

from (G393)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
  1. a rising (of the sun and stars)
  2. the east (the direction of the sun's rising)
Strong #: 3318 ‑ יָצָא (yaw‑tsaw');  4217 ‑ מִזְרָח (miz‑rawkh');  5051 ‑ נֹגַהּ (no'‑gah);  6780 ‑ צֶמַח (tseh'‑makh);  6921 ‑ קָדִם (kaw‑deem', kaw‑deem');  6924 ‑ קֵדְמָה (keh'‑dem, kayd'‑maw);  
Frequency Lists  
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


poet. ἀντ-, (ἀνατέλλω)


1. rising above the horizon, of any heavenly body, e.g. the sun, freq. in pl., ἀντολαὶ ἠελίοιο Od. 12.4, E. Ph. 504: also in sg., ἀπ' ἀνατολᾶς ἁλίου ἄχρι δύσεως IG 4.606; δύσεώς τε καὶ ἀνατολῆς ἡλίου καὶ τῶν ἄλλων ἄστρων Pl. Plt. 269a, cf. Lg. 807e; dist. from ἐπιτολή (q.v.), Gem. 13.3.

2. = ἐπιτολή, A. Pr. 457, Ag. 7; περὶ Ὠρίωνος ἀνατολήν Arist. Mete. 361b23; ἀπὸ Πλειάδος ἀ. Id. HA 599b11.

3. the quarter of sunrise, east, opp. δύσις, freq. in pl., ἀπὸ ἡλίου ἀνατολέων Hdt. 4.8; ἡλίου πρὸς ἀντολάς A. Pr. 707; without ἡλίου, πρὸς ἀνατολάς Thphr. HP 9.15.2, Mon.Anc.Gr. 14.12; πρὸς τὰς ἀ. Plb. 2.14.4; ἀπὸ ἀνατολῶν LXX Numbers 23:7, Matthew 2:1, etc. the ascendant, i.e. the point where the eastern horizon cuts the zodiac, Ptol. Tetr. 20. phase of new moon when 150 distant from sun, Cat.Cod.Astr. 8(4).204, Paul.Al. G. 3.

4. in pl., sources of a river, Plb. 2.17.4.

II growing, of the teeth, Arist. HA 501b28; of the white at the root of the nails, Poll. 2.146: pl., ἀγρὸς ἀνατολὰς καὶ βλάστας ἔχει Ph. 1.68, cf. LXX Jeremiah 23:5, al.

ἀνατολή , -ῆς ,

(< ἀνατέλλω ),

[in LXX chiefly for H4217 H6921;]

1. a rising: of light, Luke 1:78.

2. the sun-rising, the east (MM, VGT, s.v.): Matthew 2:2; Matthew 2:9, Revelation 21:13; . ἡλίου , Revelation 7:2; Revelation 16:12 (W Η , p1.); pl., Matthew 2:1; Matthew 8:11; Matthew 24:27, Luke 13:29.†

Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For the use of the plural to denote ";the east,"; found unambiguously in Matthew 2:1 (cf. Matthew 8:11; Matthew 24:27, Luke 13:29), we can quote the new parchment from Media, presumably the home of these Magi, P Saïd Khan 2a. 8 (B.C. 22), where we read ὅρια καὶ γειτνίαι ἀπὸ τῶν ἀνατολῶν. Cf. also the Alexandrian sundial inscription in Preisigke 358.2 (iii/B.C.) περιϕ ̣ε ̣ρ ̣-ε ̣ι ̣ω ̣̑ν ̣ τῶν ἐφε [ξ ]ῆς τῶν διατεινουσῶν ἀπ᾽ ἀνατολῶν ἐπὶ δύσεις. For the same phrase without the ellipsis, as in Revelation 7:2 A ἀπὸ ἀνατολῶν ἡλίου, cf. OGIS 225.40 (iii/B.C.) ἀπὸ ἡλίου ἀνατολῶν. For the same singular in the same sense see OGIS 199.32 (i/A.D.), where ἀπὸ ἀνατολῆς is opposed to ἀπὸ δύσεως, and Syll 740.25 (A.D. 212) ̣ γείτον [ε ]ς [ἀπ ]ὸ μὲν ἀνατολῆς [οἱ ] Ἐπαφρᾶ κληρ [όνομοι ]. The more literal sense—which seems probable in Matthew 2:2; Matthew 2:9, from the otherwise motiveless substitution of sing, for plural—apears in the calendar of P Hib I. 27.45 (B.C. 301–240) πρὸς τὰς δόσεις (l. δύσεις) καὶ α ̣̓[να ]τολὰς τῶν ἄστρω [ν ], and in P Tebt II. 276 .38 (ii/iii A.D.) [ἐν τῇ ἑ ]ῴᾳ ἀνατολῇ, the heliacal rising of Venus. Time, instead of point of compass, is indicated in P Oxy IV. 725.12 (A.D. 183) ἀπὸ ἀν [ατολῆς ] [λίου ] μέχρι δύσεως, P Ryl I. 27.63 (astronomical—iii/A.D.) μετὰ α ̄ ὥραν ἔγγιστα τῆς τοῦ (ἡλίου) ἀνα [το ]λῆς, ";1 hr. approximately after sunrise"; (Ed.). Similarly in BGU IV. 1021.13 (iii/A.D.) where, in apprenticing a slave to a hairdresser for instructions, his master undertakes to produce him daily ἀπὸ ἀνατολῆς ἡ ̣λίου μέχρι δύσεως τρεφόμενον καὶ ἱμ [α ]τιζόμενον. A nearly identical phrase in the ";shorter conclusion"; of Mark presumably has the other meaning—αὐτὸς ὁ Ἰησοῦς ἀπὸ ἀνατολῆς καὶ ἄχρι δύσεως ἐξαπέστειλεν δι᾽ αὐτῶν τὸ ἱερὸν καὶ ἄφθαρτον κήρυγμα τῆς αἰωνίου σωτηρίας. In MGr it means either ";east"; or ";Asia Minor.";


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ανατολαί ανατολαίς ανατολάς ανατολη ανατολή ἀνατολὴ ἀνατολῇ ανατολήν ανατολης ανατολής ἀνατολῆς ανατολων ανατολών ἀνατολῶν anatole anatolē anatolḕ anatolêi anatolē̂i anatoles anatolês anatolēs anatolē̂s anatolon anatolôn anatolōn anatolō̂n
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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