Click here to get started today!
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
#747 - ἀρχηγός
- the chief leader, prince
- of Christ
- one that takes the lead in any thing and thus affords an example, a predecessor in a matter, pioneer
- the author
ἀρχηγός, Dor. ἀρχᾱγός, όν,
I beginning, originating, λόγος ἀρχηγὸς κακῶν E. Hipp. 881; primary, leading, chief, Τροίας ἀ. τιμάς Id. Tr. 196 (lyr.); δύο φλέβες ἀ. Arist. PA 666b25.
II as Subst.,
1. founder, of a tutelary hero, S. OC 60; as fem., ancestral heroine, B. 8.51; τοῦ γένους Isoc. 3.28, cf. D.S. 5.56; τῆς πόλεως θεὸς ἀ. τίς ἐστιν Pl. Ti. 21e; founder of a family, Arist. EN 1162a4.
2. prince, chief, Δία ἀ. θεῶν B. 5.179, cf. A. Ag. 259; chief captain, leader, Ἑλλάνων Simon. 138; Βεβρύκων Theoc. 22.110; ἀ. ἱερέων CIG 6798 (Dijon), cf. 2882 (Milet.).
3. first cause, originator, κοπίδων Heraclit. 81; πράγματος X. HG 3.3.4, cf. Din. 3.7, Isoc. 12.101; συγχύσεως SIG 684.8 (Dyme, ii B.C.); φόνου POxy. 1241 iii 35; σωτηρίας Hebrews 2:10; Θαλῆς ὁ τῆς τοιαύτης ἀ. φιλοσοφίας Arist. Metaph. 983b20; τῆς τέχνης Sosip. 1.14; τὸ ἀ. the originating power, Pl. Cra. 401d, cf. Sph. 243d; primary, fundamental, ἀρχηγὸν ἡ φωνή Phld. Po. 2.19.
ἀρχηγός , -όν ,
beginning, originating: more freq., as subst.;
1. founder, author (Lat. auchor; so sometimes in Papyri, v. MM, s.v.; Milligan, NTD, 75): Acts 3:15 (R, mg.), Hebrews 2:10 (R, txt.; but v. Westc., in l, and Page, Ac., l.c.).
2. prince, leader (so in MGr., v. Kennedy, Sources, 153): Acts 3:15 (R, txt.) Acts 5:31, Hebrews 2:10 (cf. R, mg.) 122 (Cremer, 117).†
To determine between ";founder"; and ";leader"; in Hebrews 2:10; Hebrews 12:2, Acts 3:15; Acts 5:31, is a complex question which would carry us beyond the limits of a lexical note. But our few citations go to emphasize the closeness of correspondence with auctor, which it evidently translates in a Proconsul’s edict, Syll 316.8 (ii/B.C.) ἐγεγόνει ἀρχηγὸς τῆς ὃλης συγχύσεως, 17 τὸν γεγονότα ἀρχηγὸν [τ ]ῶν πραχθέντων. So P Oxy I. 41.5, .6 (iii/iv A.D.), where a crowd shouts repeatedly in honour of the prytanis, ἀρχηγὲ τῶν ἀγαθῶν, ";source of our blessings,"; auctor bonorum. The phrase is found five centuries earlier in the Rosetta stone, OGIS 90.47 . . . anniversaries which are πολλῶν ἀγαθῶν ἀρχηγοὶ (π)ᾶσι. In OGIS 212.13 Apollo is ἀ. τοῦ [γένους ] of Seleucus Nicator (B.C. 306–280) whose mother was said to have dreamed that she conceived by Apollo : so in 219.26 of his son Antiochus I. (Soter). P Oxy X. 1241iii. 35 (ii/A.D., lit.) ἀ. φόνου ";the first shedder."; The other meaning ";leader"; is seen in Kaibel 585 (Gaul) ἱερέων ἀρχηγοῦ, of a high priest of Mithras. So still in MGr.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
the Fifth Week after Easter