Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

#890 - ἄχρηστος

Transliteration
áchrēstos
Phonetics
akh'-race-tos
Origin
from (G1) (as a negative particle) and (G5543)
Parts of Speech
Adjective
TDNT
None
Definition
  1. useless, unprofitable
Strong #: 5869 ‑ עַיִן (ah'‑yin);  
Frequency Lists  
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἄχρησ-τος, ον,

I

1. useless, unprofitable, μετάνοια Batr. 70; νέες Hdt. 1.166; ἄ. ὁ ὀφθαλμὸς γίνεται Hp. Prorrh. 2.19; οὐκ ἄ. ἥδ' ἡ ἄνοια Th. 6.16; χρεομένῳ ἄχρηστα useless if you try to use them, Hp. Art. 14; πεσεῖν ἄ. θέσφατον without effect, E. IT 121; ἄ. ἐς πόλεμον Hdt. 8.142, Lycurg. 53; πρός τι Arist. HA 560b14: c. gen. rei, ἄ. τῶν ἔργων Id. Oec. 1345a35; ἄ. τινι useless to a person, Hdt. 1.80, cf. X. Oec. 8.4 (Sup.); τῇ πόλει E. Heracl. 4; τὸ διηπορηκέναι οὐκ ἄ. Arist. Cat. 8b24.

2. = cross ἀχρεῖος (which it almost superseded in the Oratt. and later Greek), useless, do-nothing, D. 19.135 (Comp.), etc.; ἄ. πολῖται Isa 7.37; σοφισταί prob. l. in Lys. 33.3; non-effective, unwarlike, Eun.Hist.p.239D.; so (with a pun not having received an oracle) Ath. 3.98c. Adv. -τως, ἔχειν πρός τι D. 61.43.

II unkind, cruel, θεοί Hdt. 8.111; λόγος Id. 9.111.

III Act.,

1. making no use of, c. dat., ξυνέσει τ' ἄχρηστον τῇ φύσει τε λείπεται E. Tr. 672. not used, i.e. new, ἱμάτια Luc. Lex. 9, Ath. 3.97e.

2. obsolete, Eust. 118.25, Sch.rec. S. El. 132.

3. not to be used, unseemly, EM 463.26.

ά -χρηατος , -ον ,

[in LXX: Hosea 8:8 (H2656 H369), Wisdom of Solomon 2:11, Sirach 16:1, al.;]

useless; unserviceable: opp. to εὔχρηστος , Philemon 1:11.†


Vocabulary of the Greek NT

P Tebt I. 74.36, .70, 75.56 .36 (both ii/B.C.) of ";unproductive"; land. So in CPHerm 7iii. 6 (ii/A.D.), but hiat contextus. It describes a pig in P Flor II. 127.14 (A.D. 256) ἀλλὰ καλὸν πάλιν ἔστω , μὴ ὡς πρώην ̣ καὶ λεπτὸν καὶ ἄχρηστον . Ib. 185.7 (A.D. 254) κατεαγμένα καὶ ἄχρηστα , of panniers, and P Oxy X. 1346 (ii/A.D. ?) ἄχρηστος [γ ]έγωναι (l. γέγονε ), of a garment. Cagnat IV. 293.14 (Pergamon, B.C. 127–6) κατεφθαρμέ [νον . . . καὶ ] . . . γεγονὸς ἄχρησ ̣[τον , of a gymnasium. The moral sense of the word comes out in P Oxy VII. 1070.50 ff. (iii/A.D.) μὴ ἀμελήσῃς μὴ ἄρα ποτὲ θέλῃς μ ̣[ε ]τὰ σ ̣[ο ] [Ἡρ ]αε ̣ι ̣δ ̣ι ̣ τὴν τήρησιν τῆς ὅλης οἰκίας παραδιδόναι ἀχρήστου ̣ οὔσης αὐτῆς , ";do not neglect this, lest indeed you choose to hand over the keeping of the whole house to Heraïs, who is unworthy"; (Ed.). The resemblance to Philem .11 is obvious. Vettius (p. 62.7) speaks of ἄχρηστα βρέφη .

 

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
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αχρηστον άχρηστον ἄχρηστον achreston achrēston áchreston áchrēston
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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