Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

#102 - ἀδύνατος

from (G1) (as a negative particle) and (G1415)
Parts of Speech
  1. without strength, impotent, powerless, weakly, disabled
  2. unable to be done, impossible
Strong #: 34 ‑ אֶבְיוֹן (eb‑yone');  47 ‑ אַבִּיר (ab‑beer');  1800 ‑ דַּל (dal);  2522 ‑ חָלַשׁ (khaw‑lash');  6041 ‑ עָנִי (aw‑nee');  6381 ‑ פָּלָא (paw‑law');  
Frequency Lists  
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἀδῠνᾰτ-ος, ον,

I of persons,

1. unable to do a thing, c. inf., Hdt. 3.138, Epich. 272, E. HF 56, etc.; ἀ. εἰπεῖν Arist. Rh. 1379a2; ἀ. ὥστε.. Onos. 1.13: Comp., τὸν δυνατώτερον τοῦ -ωτέρου [πλέον ἔχειν ] Pl. Grg. 483d: Sup. -ώτατος, λέγειν Eup. 95.

2. abs., without strength, powerless, weakly, Hdt. 5.9, E. Ion 596, Andr. 746; οἱ ἀ. men disabled for service, whether as invalids or paupers, Lys. 24 tit., Arist. Ath. 49.4; ἐν τοῖς ἀ. μισθοφορεῖν Aeschin. 1.103; ἀ. σώματι Lys. 2.73; ἀ. χρήμασι poor, Th. 7.28; εἴς τι Pl. Hp.Mi. 366b; οἱ -ώτατοι persons of no importance, Phld. Herc. 1457.8; of ships, disabled, Hdt. 6.16; τὸ ἀ. want of strength, Pl. Hp.Ma. 296a; τὰ ἀ. disabilities, D. 18.108.

II of things, impossible, E. Or. 665, Hel. 1043; ἐλπίδες unrealizable, Democr. 58; τὸ ἀ. Arist. Cael. 280b12; ἡ εἰς τὸ ἀ. ἀπαγωγή reductio ad impossibile, APr. 29b5; ὁ διὰ τοῦ ἀ. συλλογισμός, ἡ διὰ τοῦ ἀ. δεῖξις, ib. 34b30, 45a35; ἀδύνατα βούλομαι Lync. 1.12: — ἀδύνατόν [ἐστι ] c. inf., Hdt. 1.32, al.; ἀδύνατά [ἐστι ] Pi. P. 2.81, Hdt. 1.91, 6.106, Th. 1.59; ἀ. ὑμῖν ὥστε.. Pl. Prt. 338c; ὑμέας καταλελάβηκε ἀ. τι βοηθέειν Hdt. 9.60; τὰ ἀ. καρτερεῖν E. IA 1370; τολμᾶν ἀδύνατα Id. Hel. 811; ἀδυνάτων ἐρᾶν Id. HF 318, cf. Luc. DDeor. 8, etc.; prov., ἀδύνατα θηρᾷς Macar. 1.26: Comp. -ώτερον, ἔτι.. εἰ οἷόν τε.. Pl. Tht. 192b, cf. Prm. 138d: Sup., ὃ δὴ πάντων -ώτατον Id. Phlb. 15b.

III Adv. -τως without power or skill, feebly, ἀμύνεσθαι Antipho 4.3.3, cf. 3.3.4 (Comp.), Lys. 12.3: — ἀ. ἔχειν to be unwell, Pl. Ax. 364b; to be unable, c. inf., Arist. Rh.Al. 1435a16; ἀ. ἔχει it is impossible, Epicur Ep 32.49U.; ἀ. λέγεται it is an impossible story, Phld. Rh. 2.122 S. Rare in poetry: Trag. only in E.

-δύνατος , -ον ,

[in LXX for H34, H1800 etc.;]

1. of persons, unable, powerless: Acts 14:8; fig., Romans 15:1 (MM, VGT, s.v.).

2. Of things, impossible: Matthew 19:1-30; Matthew 26:1-75, Mark 10:27, Luke 18:27, Romans 8:3, Hebrews 6:4; Hebrews 6:18; Hebrews 10:4; Hebrews 11:6.†

Vocabulary of the Greek NT

In P Par 66.23 (late Ptol.) πρεσβύτεροι καὶ ἀδύνατοι are men ";not strong enough"; to work : cf. also P Lond 971.4 (iii/iv A.D.) ( = III. p. 128) ἀδύνατος γάρ ἐστιν ἡ γυνὴ διὰ ἀσθένιαν τῆς φύσε [ως ] and ib. 678.6 (B.C. 99–8) ( = III. p. 18) ]δύνατ [ος ὄμμ ]ασι. In Syll 802.35 (iii/B.C.) ἀδύνατος is associated with ἀπίθανος, applied to ἰάματα, ib. 512.24 (ii/B.C.) of witnesses unable to appear.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
αδυνατα αδύνατα αδύνατά ἀδύνατα αδύνατοι αδυνατον αδύνατον αδύνατόν ἀδύνατον ἀδύνατόν αδυνατος αδύνατος ἀδύνατος αδυνάτους αδυνάτω αδυνατων αδυνάτων ἀδυνάτων adunata adunaton adunatōn adunatos adynata adýnata adynaton adynatōn adynáton adynátōn adýnaton adýnatón adynatos adýnatos
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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