Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

#769 - ἀσθένεια

from (G772)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
  1. want of strength, weakness, infirmity
    1. of the body
      1. its native weakness and frailty
      2. feebleness of health or sickness
    2. of the soul
      1. want of strength and capacity requisite 1b
    3. to understand a thing 1b
    4. to do things great and glorious 1b
    5. to restrain corrupt desires 1b
    6. to bear trials and troubles
Strong #: 3782 ‑ כָּשַׁל (kaw‑shal');  6094 ‑ עַצֶּבֶת (ats‑tseh'‑beth);  8213 ‑ שָׁפֵל (shaw‑fale');  
Frequency Lists  
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἀσθέν-εια, ἡ,

1. want of strength, weakness, Th. 1.3, etc.: in pl., ἰσχύες καὶ ἀ. Pl. R. 618d; esp. feebleness, sickliness, Hdt. 4.135; ἀ. τοῦ γήρως Antipho 4.3.2, Pl. R. 330e; σωμάτων Th. 4.36, etc.

2. disease, sickness, Id. 2.49 (pl.), OGI 244.11 (Daphne, ii B.C.), etc.; δι' ἀσθένειαν Galatians 4:13.

3. ἀ. βίου poverty, Hdt. 2.47, 8.51.

4. in moral sense, feebleness, weakness, τῆς ἀνθρωπίνης φύσεως Pl. Lg. 854a, cf. Arist. EN 1150b19; τοῦ ἀκροατοῦ Arist. Rh. 1419a18. Rare in poetry, as E. HF 269. -έω,

1. to be weak, feeble, sickly, ἀ. μέλη to be weak in limb, E. Or. 228; τοὺς ὀφθαλμοὺς ἀ. Pl. Ly. 209e; ἀ. ἀσθένεια[]ν Id. Chrm. 155b: abs., E. Hipp. 274, Th. 7.47, Matthew 10:8, etc.; ἠσθένησε he fell sick, D. 1.13; ἀσθενέων sick man, Hp. VM 12 (Phot. says that μαλακίζεσθχι is used of women); ἠσθενηκότα Plb. 31.13.7.

2. to be needy, Ar. Pax 636; ἠσθενηκότες, of those unable to pay taxes, PTeb. 188 (i B.C.).

3. c. inf., to be too weak to do a thing, not to be able.., J. BJ 2.15.5; εἰς τὸ θεωρεῖν Plot. 3.8.4.

4. decline, ἠσθένησεν ἡ ἡμέρα εἰς τὴν ἑσπέραν LXX Jd. 19.9.

ἀσθένεια , -ας ,

(< ἀσθενής ),

[in LXX for H3782, etc.;]

weakness, frailty, sickness: Luke 13:11-12, John 11:4, Acts 28:9, Romans 6:19; Romans 8:26, 2 Corinthians 11:30; 2 Corinthians 13:4, Galatians 4:13 (MM, s.v.), Hebrews 5:2; Hebrews 7:28; Hebrews 11:34; ἐν ἀ ., John 5:5, 1 Corinthians 2:3; 1 Corinthians 15:43, 2 Corinthians 12:9; pl., Matthew 8:17, Luke 5:15; Luke 8:2, 2 Corinthians 12:5; 2 Corinthians 12:9-10, 1 Timothy 5:23, Hebrews 4:15.†

SYN.: μαλακία G3119, νόσος G3554 (v. DB, iii, 323a).

Vocabulary of the Greek NT

P Ryl II. 153.45 (A.D. 138–61) I have directed Eudaemon γράψαι ὑπὲρ ἐμο [ ] τῆς ὑπογραφῆς τὸ σῶμα διὰ τὴν περὶ ἐμὲ ἀσθένιαν . BGU I. 229.3 (ii/iii A.D.) illustrates the practice of consulting the local oracle in times of difficulty or sickness—ἠ μὲν σοθήσωμαι (= εἰ μὲν σωθήσομαι ) ταύτης , ἧς (? for τῆς , or an extreme case of attraction) ἐν ἐμοὶ ἀσθενίας , τοῦτόν μοι ἐξένικον ( = τοῦτό μοι ἐξένεγκον ). P Lond 971.4 (iii/iv A.D.) (= III. P. 128) ἀδ ̣ύνατος γάρ ἐστιν ἡ γυνὴ διὰ ἀσθένιαν τῆς φύσε [ως . P Flor I. 51.5 (A.D. 138–61) σ ]ωματικῆς ἀσθ [ενεί ]ας , in an incomplete context. The prepositional phrase of Galatians 4:13 may be further illustrated by P Oxy IV. 726.10 (A.D. 135) οὐ δυνάμενος δι᾽ ἀ [σ ]θένειαν πλεῦσαι . Add BGU IV. 1109.11 (B.C. 5) τῆς Καλλιτύχης ἐν ἀσθενείᾳ διατεθείσης , and OGIS 244.10 (iii/B.C.) τὴν περὶ τὸ σῶμα [γε ]γενημένην ἀσθένειαν διὰ τὰς συνεχεῖς κακο [π ]αθίας , where the editor notes that there is no tautology, as κακοπαθία is to be understood in its later sense of laborious and troublesome work.



The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ασθενεια ασθενεία ασθένεια ἀσθενείᾳ ἀσθένεια ασθένειαι ασθενειαις ασθενείαις ἀσθενείαις ασθενειαν ασθένειαν ἀσθένειαν ασθενειας ασθενείας ἀσθενείας ασθενειων ασθενειών ἀσθενειῶν astheneia asthéneia astheneíāi astheneiais astheneíais astheneian asthéneian astheneias astheneías astheneion astheneiôn astheneiōn astheneiō̂n
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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