Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
#942 - βάτος
(A) [ ᾰ], ἡ,
I bramble, Rubus ulmifolius, Od. 24.230, Aen. Tact. 28.6, Theoc. 1.132; ὁ, Hp. Mul. 2.112, Ar. Fr. 754 (Att. acc. to Moeris), Thphr. HP 1.5.3, LXX Exodus 3:2 : whence ἐπὶ τοῦ (v.l. τῆς) βάτου in Mark 12:26 : fem., Dsc. 4.37, Luke 20:37.
II β. Ἰδαία raspberry, Rubus Idaeus, Dsc. 4.38; = β. ὀρθοφυής Thphr. HP 3.18.4.
III β. Μοσυλῖτις, a kind of cassia, Dsc. 1.13. = ἑλένιον, elecampane, Ps.- Dsc. 1.28.
βάτος (1) in the sense of ";bush"; is feminine in Luke 20:37, Acts 7:35, but masculine in Mark 12:26 in accordance with the LXX usage (Exodus 3:8 ff., Deuteronomy 33:16), which Thackeray (Gr. i. p. 145) describes as apparently ";vulgar and Hellenistic."; See, however, Moeris p. 99, who regards ἡ β . as ἑλληνικῶς , and ὁ β . as ἀττικῶς . The only passage we can cite, P Lond 121.460 (iii/A.D.) (= I. p. 99) θὲς ὑπὲρ βάτον , throws no light on the gender : since the context is a φίλτρον κάλλιστον , in which kind of literature ";meaning is no great matter,"; βάτον may as well be a Hebrew measure as a bramble-bush. H. A. A. Kennedy (Sources of NT Greek, p. 78) includes βάτος in a list of Biblical words for which Aristophanes is practically the only earlier authority. But we must remember Homer (Od. 24.230). Kaibel has two epitaphs from Italy of the imperial age : 546.6 οὐ βάτοι , οὐ τρίβολοι τὸν ἐμὸν τάφον ἀμφὶς ἔχουσιν , and 548.2 ἄνθεα πολλὰ γένοιτο νεοδμήτῳ ἐπὶ τύμβῳ , μὴ βάτος αὐχμηρή , μὴ κακὸν αἰγίπυρον .
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