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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

#723 - ἄροτρον

from aroo (to till)
Parts of Speech
Noun Neuter
  1. a plough
Strong #: 4173 ‑ מֹרַג (mo‑rag', mo‑rag');  6256 ‑ עֵת (ayth);  
Frequency Lists  
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἄροτρον [ ], τό, (ἀρόω)


1. plough, Od. 18.374; πηκτὸν ἄ. Il. 10.353, cf. Thgn. 1201, Pi. P. 4.224, etc.; ἰλλομένων ἀρότρων S. Ant. 340; ἀρότρῳ ἀναρρηγνύντες αὔλακας Hdt. 2.14: pl., Ar. Pl. 515, Mosch. Fr. 4.6. ἡ ἀπ' ἀρότρου πληγή, in boxing, right-handed blow, Paus. 6.10.2, Philostr. Gym. 20.

2. in pl., metaph. of the organs of generation, Nonn. D. 12.46, al.

II ἄροτρα· γῆ, χώρα, πλέθρα, Hsch.

ἄροτρον , -ου , τό

(< ἀρόω , to plough),

[in LXX chiefly for H855;]

a plough: Luke 9:62.†

Vocabulary of the Greek NT

ἄροτρον occurs in P Rein 17.20 (B.C. 109) ἄροτρον α ̄ ζυγὸν α ̄ (or ἄροτρον ἄζυγον α ̄), P Flor II. 134.1 (A.D. 260) τὸ ταυρικὸν ἅμα τῷ ἀρότρῳ, P Strass I. 32.3 (a business letter, A.D. 261) Μάξιμον. . . ἀπέστειλ ̣α πρὸς σέ, ἵνα αὐτῷ ἄροτρον γένηται. Ἀροτήρ (contracted ἀρ᾽ is found in P Lond 257.200 (A.D. 94) (= II. p. 26) : cf. OGIS 519.21 (iii/A.D.) τοὺς ἀροτῆρας βόας, where Dittenberger refers to Hesiod Op. 405 βοῦν ἀροτῆρα. MGr ἀλέτρι starts from ἀρέτριον, as Prof. Thumb notes.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
άροτρα αροτρον άροτρον ἄροτρον αροτρόποδι άρουραν arotron árotron
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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