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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #2261 - ἤπιος

probably from (G2031)
Parts of Speech
  1. affable
  2. mild, gentle
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (2)
1 Thessalonians
2 Timothy
NAS (2)
1 Thessalonians
2 Timothy
HCS (1)
2 Timothy
BSB (1)
2 Timothy
ESV (1)
1 Thessalonians
WEB (2)
1 Thessalonians
2 Timothy
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἤπῐος, α, ον,

also ος, ον Hes. Th. 407, E. Tr. 53, etc.


1 of persons, gentle, kind, πατὴρ ὣς ἤπιος αἰεί Il. 24.770, cf. Od. 2.47, 234; of a monarch, ἀγανὸς καὶ ἤ. ib. 230, 5.8. cf. 14.139; ἡνίοχος Il. 23.281: c. dat. pers., ἐθέλω δέ τοι ἤπιος εἶναι 8.40, cf. Od. 10.337, etc.; ἤ. ἀνθρώποισι καὶ ἀθανάτοισι θεοῖσι Hes. Th. 407; ἠπιώτερος τοῦ πατρός Hdt. 5.92. ζ; of the gods, σωτῆρας.. ἠπίους θ' ἡμῖν μολεῖν S. Ph. 738; θεὸς ἀνθρώποισιν -ώτατος E. Ba. 861; cf. Ar. V. 879 (lyr.); ἐχίδνης οὐδὲν -ωτέρα E. Alc. 310; οὐδέ πω ἤπιος appeased, Id. Med. 133: later in Prose, 1 Thessalonians 2:7, 2 Timothy 2:24.

2. of feelings, words, etc., εἴ μοι κρείων Ἀγαμέμνων ἤπια εἰδείη had kindly feeling towards me, Il. 16.73; ὁμῶς δέ τοι ἤπια οἶδε Od. 13.405, cf. 15.557; ἤ. δήνεα οἶδε Il. 4.361; μῦθος ἤ. Od. 20.327; ὀργαί, φρένες, E. Tr. 53, Fr. 362.6; πρὸς τὸ -ώτερον καταστῆσαί τινα Th. 2.59.

3. of heat and cold, mild, less intense, τὸ πνῖγος -ώτερον γέγονεν Pl. Phdr. 279b, cf. Ti. 85a (Comp.); ἠπιώτεραι αἱ θέρμαι, of a fever, Hp. Epid. 7.1; τὰ τοῦ πυρετοῦ ἤπια ib. 5.73; αἰθέριον πῦρ ἤ. ὄν Parm. 8.57; of river-currents, -ώτερα ῥεύματα Meno Iatr. 16.26.


1. Act., soothing, assuaging, φάρμακα Il. 4.218, 11.515; opp. ἰσχυρά, Hdt. 3.130, cf. 7.142 (Comp.); ἀκέσματα A. Pr. 482; φύλλα S. Ph. 698 (lyr.); ποτήματα soft drinks, opp. φαρμακώδη καὶ δριμέα, Sor. 2.44: Sup., Phld. Ir. p.44 W.

2. ἤπιον ἦμαρ c. inf., a day favourable for beginning a thing, Hes. Op. 787.

III Adv. -ίως Hdt. 7.105, 143, S. El. 1439 (lyr.); ἠ. ἀμείψασθαι Hdt. 8.60; χρήσετ' αὐτή σοι τότ' ἠ. Men. Epit. 495: Comp. -ωτέρως, ἔχειν πρός τινα D. 56.44; -ώτερον καὶ κηδεμονικώτερον Phld. Piet. 65: Sup. -ωτάτως Hsch.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

* ἤπιος , -α , -ον ,

mild, gentle: 1 Thessalonians 2:7 (WH, R, mg., νήπιος ); seq. πρός , 2 Timothy 2:24.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

In Archiv v. p. 166 No.17 Rubensohn publishes a sepulchral inscr. (late Rom.) stating that μοῖρ᾽ ὀλοὴ θανάτοιο had brought Sarapion down εἰς Ἀιδαο, and describing him as—μειλείχιον πάντ [εσσ ]ι καὶ ἤπιον ἀνθρώποισι. This illustrates well the idea of outward mildness or mildness towards others which Tittmann finds in the adj. (Synon. i. p. 140, ";qui hanc lenitatem in aliis ferendis monstrat";), and which appears in both its NT occurrences (1 Thessalonians 2:7 אc ACb Dc, 2 Timothy 2:24). The adj. is found ter in the semi-literary invocation to Isis, P Oxy XI. 1380.11, .86, .155 (early ii/A.D.).


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ήπιοι ηπιον ἤπιον ήτιον epion ēpion ḗpion
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for Copyright 1999-2022. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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