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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #2577 - κάμνω

Root Word (Etymology)
apparently a primary verb
Parts of Speech
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  1. to grow weary, be weary
  2. to be sick
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 6962 ‑ קוּט (koot);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (4)
Hebrews 1
James 1
Revelation 2
NAS (3)
Hebrews 2
James 1
CSB (2)
Hebrews 1
James 1
BSB (2)
Hebrews 1
James 1
ESV (2)
Hebrews 1
James 1
WEB (4)
Hebrews 1
James 1
Revelation 2
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


fut. κᾰμοῦμαι, καμῇ, A. Eu. 881, S. Tr. 1215; καμεῖται Il. 2.389, Pl. Lg. 921e; inf. -έεσθαι A.R. 3.580: aor. 2 ἔκᾰμον, κάμον Il. 4.187,al.; inf. καμεῖν, subj. redupl. κεκάμω, κεκάμῃσι, κεκάμωσιν, Il. 1.168, 17.658, 7.5 (but Aristarch. read κε κάμω, etc., prob. rightly): pf. κέκμηκα Il. 6.262, etc.: plpf. ἐκεκμήκεσαν Th. 3.98; part. κεκμηώς, κεκμηῶτι, κεκμηῶτα, Il. 23.232, 6.261, Od. 10.31; κεκμηότας Il. 11.802; κεκμηῶτας is v.l. for κεκμηκότας in Th. 3.59:

Med., aor. 2 ἐκᾰμόμην Od. 9.130, καμ- Il. 18.341.


1. trans., work, μίτρη, τὴν Χαλκῆες κάμον ἄνδρες wrought it, 4.187, 216; ἐπεὶ πάνθ' ὅπλα κάμε 18.614; σκῆπτρον.., τὸ μὲν Ἥφαιστος κάμε τεύχων 2.101, cf. 8.195; κ. νῆας Od. 9.126; πέπλον Il. 5.338, cf. Od. 15.105; ἵππον 11.523; λέχος 23.189; ἄστυ build, A.R. 1.1322: also in aor. Med., ἱρόν Id. 2.718.

2. aor. Med., win by toil, τὰς (sc. γυναῖκας) αὐτοὶ καμόμεσθα βίηφί τε δουρί τε μακρῷ Il. 18.341.

3. aor. Med., labour, till, οἵ κέ σφιν καὶ νῆσον.. ἐκάμοντο Od. 9.130; οἴκους Philet. 8.


1. intr., toil, labour, τινι for one, Od. 14.65; ὑπὲρ τῆς πόλεως Th. 2.41: then, from the effect of continued work, to be weary, ἀνδρὶ δὲ κεκμηῶτι μένος μέγα οἶνος ἀέξει Il. 6.261, cf. 11.802: with acc. of the part, οὐδέ τι γυῖα.. κάμνει nor is he weary in limb, 19.170, etc.; περὶ δ' ἔγχεϊ Χεῖρα καμεῖται 2.389; ὁ δ' ἀριστερὸν ὦμον ἔκαμνεν 16.106: freq. c. part., κ. πολεμίζων, ἐλαύνοντες, ἐρεθίζων, is weary of fighting, rowing, etc., 1.168, 7.5, 17.658, etc.; οὐ μέν θην κάμετον.. ὀλλῦσαι Τρῶας 8.448; ἔκαμον δέ μοι ὄσσε πάντῃ παπταίνοντι Od. 12.232; but οὐδέ τι τόξον δὴν ἔκαμον τανύων I did not long strain over stringing the bow, i.e. did it without effort, 21.426, cf. Il. 8.22: later freq. with neg., οὔτοι καμοῦμαι.. λέγουσα I shall never be tired of saying, A. Eu. 881; μὴ κάμῃς λέγων E. IA 1143; οὐκ ἂν κάμοιμι τὰς κακὰς κτείνων Id. Or. 1590; οὔποτε κάμοιμ' ἂν ὀρχουμένη Ar. Lys. 541 (lyr.); κ. εὐεργετῶν, ἐπαινῶν, Pl. Grg. 470c, Lg. 921e: c. dat., κ. δαπάναις to grow tired in spending, spare expense, Pi. P. 1.90.

2. to be hard-pressed, worsted, in battle or contest, ib. 1.78, 80; τὸ κάμνον στρατοῦ E. Supp. 709.

3. to be sick or suffering, τί πάσχεις; τί κάμνεις; Ar. Nu. 708; οἱ κάμνοντες the sick, Hdt. 1.197, cf. S. Ph. 282, And. 1.64, Pl. R. 407c, Ephesians 5:15, etc.; of a doctor's patients, Hp. Acut. 1, D. 18.243, SIG 943.10 (Cos); καμοῦσα ἀπέθανε having fallen sick, And. 1.120: c. acc. cogn., κάμνειν νόσον E. Heracl. 990, Pl. R. 408e; [ τὴν ποδάγραν ] v.l. in Arist. HA 604a23; τοὺς ὀφθαλμούς Hdt. 2.111; τὰ σώματα to be ill or distempered in body, Pl. Grg. 478a; ὠσίν τε κὤμμασιν Herod. 3.32; πάθᾳ Pi. P. 8.48; νοσήμασι Arist. HA 603a30; ἀπὸ τοῦ τραύματος Luc. Tox. 60; ὑπὸ νόσου Hdn. 3.14.2.

4. generally, to be distressed, meet with disaster, στρατοῦ καμόντος A. Ag. 670; τῷ πεποιημένῳ κ. μεγάλως Hdt. 1.118, cf. A. Ag. 482 (lyr.), E. Med. 1138, HF 293; οὐ καμῇ τοὐμὸν μέρος wilt not have to complain.., S. Tr. 1215; κ. ἔν τινι E. Hec. 306, IA 966; of a ship, νεὼς καμούσης ποντίῳ πρὸς κύματι A. Th. 210: c. acc. cogn., οὐκ ἴσον καμὼν ἐμοὶ λύπης not having borne an equal share of grief, S. El. 532.

5. in aor. part., of the dead, i. e. either outworn, or those whose work is done, or those who have met with disaster, οἳ ὑπένερθε καμόντας ἀνθρώπους τίνυσθον Il. 3.278, cf. Theoc. 17.49; βροτῶν εἴδωλα καμόντων Od. 11.476; εἴδωλα κ. 24.14, Il. 23.72, cf. A. Supp. 231, etc.: also in pf. part. in Trag. and Prose, κεκμηκότες S. Fr. 284, E. Supp. 756, Th. 3.59, Pl. Lg. 718a, 927b, Arist. EN 1101a35; ἱερὰ τῶν κ. E. Tr. 96; also in the finite Verb, ὅπη ἄνθρωπος ἔκαμε Berl.Sitzb. 1927.158 (Cyrene).--The pf. is always intr. (Cf. Skt. úamnîte 'work hard', 'serve zealously', úamitár- 'sacrificing priest', Gr. εἰρο-κόμος, κομέω, κομίζω.)

Thayer's Expanded Definition

κάμνω; 2 aorist ἔκαμον; perfect κέκμηκα;

1. to grow weary, be weary (so from Homer down): Revelation 2:3 Rec.; Hebrews 12:3.

2. to be sick: James 5:15 (Sophocles (Herodotus), Aristophanes, Euripides, Xenophon, Plato, Aristotle, Diodorus, Lucian, others).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

κάμνω ,

[in LXX: Job 10:1 (H6962 ni.) Job 17:2, Wisdom of Solomon 4:16; Wisdom of Solomon 15:9, 4 Maccabees 3:8; 4 Maccabees 7:13*;]

1. to work; hence, from the effect of continued work,

2. to be weary: Hebrews 12:3

3. to be sick: James 5:15.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

P Giss I. 47.8 (time of Hadrian) ὡς μὴ κάμνειν τὸν φοροῦντα αὐτόν, BGU III. 884i. 11 (ii/iii A.D.) καὶ μὴ λίαν οὕτωι κ ̣α ̣μ ̣ω ̣, P Flor III. 382.29 (A.D. 222–3) τοῖς ἑβδομήκοντα ἔτη βεβιω ]κόσιν καὶ ἐν ταῖ [ς λει ]του [ργ ]ίαις κεκμηκόσιν αἱ προτε [τα ]γ ̣μέναι θεῖαι δι [ατάξεις, P Oxy XII. 1414.27 (A.D. 270–5) κάμε ἄξια τοῦ ἐπάν [ω χρόνου, ";labour in a manner worthy of the past"; (Edd.). Note the compound in PSI I. 47.2 (vi/A.D.?) ἀπέκαμον τὸ λοιπὸν κεκτημένων ἐν τῇ ὑμῶν πεδιάδει. The subst. occurs in P Tebt II. 314.4 (ii/A.D.) ὅσον κάμ [α ]τον ἤνεγκα, ";how much trouble I had,"; P Fay 106.19 (c. A.D. 140) ὅπ ̣[ως δυ ]νηθῶ ἐμαυτὸν ἀνακτήσα [σθαι ἀ ]πὸ τῶν καμάτων, ";so that I may be able to recover from the effects of my labours"; (Edd.), OGIS 717.14 (building of a temple—A.D. 261–268) ταῦτα πάντα ἐκ τῶν ἐμῶν καμάτων εὐχαριστήσας τῷ Σαράπιδι τῶ Μινιεῖ. For the derived sense ";am ill,"; as in James 5:15, cf. Musonius p. 20.8 θεραπείαν τῶν καμνόντων. In MGr κάμνω, κάμω, κάνω, = ";make,"; ";do,"; generally with the added idea of ";toil.";


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
καμητε κάμητε καμνοντα κάμνοντα κάμνων κάμπη καμπής κάμπης kamete kamēte kámete kámēte kamnonta kámnonta
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