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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #3311 - μερισμός

from (G3307)
Parts of Speech
masculine noun
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  1. a division, partition
    1. distribution (of various kinds)
  2. a separation
    1. so far as to cleave asunder or separate
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 4255 ‑ מַחְלְקָה (makh‑lek‑aw');  4256 ‑ מַחֲלֹקֶת (makh‑al‑o'‑keth);  
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Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

μερ-ισμός, ὁ,


1. dividing, division, Pl. Lg. 903b, Thphr. CP 1.12.6, etc.; ὁ τῶν θεῶν ἔσχατος μ. ἄχρι τῆς ὕλης προῆλθεν Dam. Pr. 134; esp. apportionment, allocation of funds, Arist. Ath. 48.2; distribution of money, SIG 364.81 (Ephesus, iii B. C.); of victims, ib.1017.16 (Sinope, iii B. C.); οὐκ ἔνεστιν οὐδὲ εἷς παρ' ἐμοὶ μ., 'going shares', Men. Epit. 244.

2. partition, τῆς Ἀκαρνανίας Plb. 9.34.7.

3. share of taxation, assessment, PTeb. 58.38 (ii B. C.), 29.15 (ii B. C.), Ostr.Bodl. ii 18, 41 (ii A. D.).

4. role, part assigned, in a religious ceremony, IG 22.1368.65 (ii A. D.).

5. kind of gymnastic, Gal. Thras. 47.


1. Rhet., division of subjects, arrangement, in writing, D.H. Isaiah 3:1-26 (pl.). the art of dividing a whole into its parts, Hermog. Id. 2.1.

2. in Logic, assignment of the elements of a contradiction, Arist. Metaph. 1027b20. definition, D.L. 7.62.

3. in Gramm., classification of parts of speech, A.D. Synt. 23.8 (hence, concretely, class, ib. 48.9, 109.4); distribution of the functions of inflexions, opp. σύγχυσις, ib. 95.17. analysis of a sentence into its component parts, parsing, ib. 140.11, Sch.D.T. p.214 H.; cf. ἐπιμερισμός.

4. in Metric, ὁ μ. ὁ τῶν μέτρων division into feet, scansion, S.E. M. 1.159; also ὁ κατὰ γραμματικὴν μ. division of a line into words, ib. 161.

5. Math., quotient, Dioph. 4.22.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

μερισμός, μερισμοῦ, (μερίζω), a division, partition (Plato, Polybius, Strabo, (others));

1. a distribution; plural distributions of various kinds: πνεύματος ἁγίου, genitive of the object, Hebrews 2:4.

2. a separation: ἄχρι μερισμοῦ ψυχῆς καί πνεύματος, which many take actively: 'up to the dividing' i. e. so far as to cleave asunder or separate; but it is not easy to understand what the dividing of the 'soul' is. Hence, it is more correct, I think, and more in accordance with the context, to take the word passively (just as other verbal substantive ending in μος are used, e. g. ἁγιασμός, πειρασμός), and translate even to the division, etc., i. e. to that most hidden spot, the dividing line between soul and spirit, where the one passes into the other, Hebrews 4:12; (cf. Siegfried, Philo von Alex. as above with, p. 325f).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

μερισμός , -οῦ ,

(< μερίζω ),

[in LXX for H4255, H4256, Joshua 11:23, Ezra 6:18 *;]

1. a dividing, division: ψυχῆς κ . πνεύματος (i.e. between them or of the things themselves, v. Westc., in l), Hebrews 4:12.

2. a distribution, bestowal (cf. μερίζω , 2); pl., Hebrews 2:4.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

CPR I. 1.6 (A.D. 83–84) τοῦ Ἀκουσιλάου γενομένου μισθωτοῦ τινων οὐσίων, Syll 587.29 (B.C. 329–8) μισθωτοῖς τοῖς ἐπὶ τὸν πύργον καὶ τὸν πυλῶνα πλινθοφοροῦσιν (";carrying bricks";) καὶ πηλοδευστοῦσιν (";building with clay";). For μισθωτής, ";lessee,"; ";tenant,"; which is not found in the NT (but see 1 Maccabees 6:29), cf. P Tebt II. 308.4 (A.D. 174) μισθωτα [ ]ς δρυμῶν, ";lessees of marshes"; (Edd.), P Lond 478.2 (ii/iii A.D.) (=II. p. III) τοῖς λοι (ποῖς) μισ ̣θ ̣ω ̣τ ̣α ̣ι ̣ͅς ̣ ἱερ (οῦ) χει (ρισμοῦ) (cf. Archiv i. p. 140), and PSI III. 222.4 (iii/A.D.) μισ ]θωτοῦ ἀγρίων θήρας ζῴων [κ ]αὶ ὀρνέων (see the editor’s introd.).


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
μερισμοις μερισμοίς μερισμοῖς μερισμου μερισμοῦ μερισμόυ μερισμούς μερισμώ merismois merismoîs merismou merismoû
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